Pathognomonic

A sign or symptom that is so characteristic of a disease that it makes the diagnosis. For example, Koplik’s spots (on the buccal mucosa opposite the lst and 2nd upper molars) are pathognomonic of measles. The word “pathognomonic” (pronounced patho-no-monic) comes from the Greek “pathognomonikos’ meaning “skilled in judging diseases.”
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Characteristic or indicative of a disease; denoting especially one or more typical symptoms, findings, or pattern of abnormalities specific for a given disease and not found in any other condition. [see pathognomy]

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pa·tho·gno·mon·ic .path-ə(g)-nō-'män-ik adj distinctively characteristic of a particular disease or condition <erosions, which are virtually \pathognomonic of GERD (Barbara Baker)>

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adj.
describing a symptom or sign that is characteristic of or unique to a particular disease. The presence of such a sign or symptom allows positive diagnosis of the disease.

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pa·thog·no·mon·ic (path″og-no-monґik) [patho- + Gr. gnōmonikos fit to give judgment] specifically distinctive or characteristic of a disease or pathologic condition; a sign or symptom on which a diagnosis can be made.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pathognomonic — (often misspelled as pathognomic and sometimes as pathomnemonic ) is an adjective of Greek origin (παθογνωμονικό [σύμπτωμα] ), often used in medicine, which means diagnostic for a particular disease . A pathognomonic sign is a particular sign… …   Wikipedia

  • Pathognomonic — Pa*thog no*mon ic, a. [Gr. ? skilled in judging of diseases; ? a disease + ? skilled: cf. F. pathognomonique. See {Gnomic}.] (Med.) Specially or decisively characteristic of a disease; indicating with certainty a disease; as, a pathognomonic… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pathognomonic — (adj.) 1640s (implied in pathognomonical), from PATHO (Cf. patho ) + gnomonikos able to judge, from gnomon one who knows (see GNOMON (Cf. gnomon)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • pathognomonic — [pə thäg΄nō män′ik] adj. [Gr pathognōmonikos < pathos, disease (see PATHOS) + gnōmonikos, able to judge < gnōmon, one who knows: see GNOMON] indicating or typical of a particular disease …   English World dictionary

  • pathognomonic — pathognomonically, adv. /peuh thog neuh mon ik/, adj. Med. characteristic or diagnostic of a specific disease: a pathognomonic sign of pneumonia. [1615 25; < Gk pathognomonikós skilled in judging disease. See PATHO , GNOMON, IC] * * * …   Universalium

  • pathognomonic — adjective Beyond any doubt diagnostic for a particular disease. A tetrade of rash, arthralgia, abdominal pain and kidney disease in a child is pathognomonic for . Ant: assident …   Wiktionary

  • pathognomonic — adjective Etymology: Greek pathognōmonikos, from path + gnōmonikos fit to judge, from gnōmōn interpreter; akin to Greek gignōskein to know more at know Date: 1625 distinctively characteristic of a particular disease …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pathognomonic — adj. [Gr. pathos, suffering; gnom, sign] A diagnostic symptom by which a disease may be recognized …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • pathognomonic — adj. characteristic of a disease, typical of a diseasepÉ™ θɑgnÉ™ mÉ‘nɪk / θɒgnÉ™ mÉ™ …   English contemporary dictionary

  • pathognomonic — [ˌpaθəgnə(ʊ) mɒnɪk] adjective Medicine indicative of a particular disease or condition. Origin C17: from Gk pathognōmonikos skilled in diagnosis , from pathos suffering + gnōmōn judge …   English new terms dictionary

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