Abbreviation for the Apgar score, a practical method of evaluating the physical condition of a newborn infant shortly after delivery. The Apgar score is a number arrived at by scoring the heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, skin color, and response to a catheter in the nostril. Each of these objective signs can receive 0, 1, or 2 points. A perfect Apgar score of 10 means an infant is in the best possible condition. An infant with an Apgar score of 0-3 needs immediate resuscitation. The Apgar score is done routinely 60 seconds after the birth of the infant and then it is commonly repeated 5 minutes after birth. In the event of a difficult resuscitation, the Apgar score may be done again at 10, 15, and 20 minutes. An Apgar score of 0-3 at 20 minutes of age is predictive of high morbidity (disease) and mortality (death). The score is named for the preeminent American anesthesiologist Virginia Apgar (1909-1974) who invented the scoring method in 1952. Having assisted at thousands of deliveries, Dr. Apgar wished to focus attention on the baby. Babies were traditionally dispatched directly to the nursery, often without much formal scrutiny after delivery. Apgar wanted the baby to be assessed in an organized meaningful manner by the delivery room personnel. Dr. Apgar was the first woman to be appointed a full professor at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons. .
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Virginia, U.S. anesthesiologist, 1909–1974. See A. score.
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American Pediatric Gross Assessment Record

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Apgar — ist der Name folgender Personen: Virginia Apgar (1909–1974), Chirurgin und Anästhesistin Kristina Apgar (* 1985), US amerikanische Schauspielerin Apgar ist eine Bezeichnung für: Apgar Score, ein von Virginia Apgar entwickeltes Punkteschema zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Apgar:0 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Apgar:0 Álbum de Rekiem Publicación 15 de enero de 2001 Género(s) Nu metal …   Wikipedia Español

  • Apgar — (Apgar score) n. test performed to evaluate and determine the physical state of a newborn baby carried out one minute after birth and repeated five minutes after birth (five things are tested: heart rate, respiration, muscle tone, reflexes and… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Apgar — Apgar, índice de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • APGAR — Virginia Apgar Der Apgar Score ist ein Punkteschema, mit dem sich der klinische Zustand von Neugeborenen standardisiert beurteilen lässt. Mit Hilfe dieses Scores gelingt es, die Anpassung an das Leben außerhalb der Gebärmutter und die Überführung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Apgar — /ap gahr/, n. Virginia, 1909 74, U.S. physician: developed test to evaluate health of newborns. * * * …   Universalium

  • apgar — ap·gar …   English syllables

  • APGAR — • American Pediatric Gross Assessment Record …   Dictionary of medical acronyms & abbreviations

  • Apgar — /ap gahr/, n. Virginia, 1909 74, U.S. physician: developed test to evaluate health of newborns …   Useful english dictionary

  • Apgar test — /apˈgär test/ (medicine) noun A system used to assess the health of a newborn baby immediately (usu at one and five minutes) after birth, the Apgar score (maximum total 10) comprising points for heart rate, muscle tone, colour, respiratory effort …   Useful english dictionary

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