- DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which contains the hereditary information in humans and RNA (ribonucleic acid) which delivers the instructions coded in this information to the cell’s protein manufacturing sites. History: In 1869 Friedrich Miescher developed ways of isolating intact nuclei from cells and analyzing their chemical content. From the nuclei he extracted substances rich in phosphorus and nitrogen. They came to be known as "nucleic acids." Miescher predicted that they would someday be considered as important as proteins. The substances turned out to be deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) which was found by Avery, MacLeod and McCarty in 1944 to be the genetic material. They proved this clearly by using bacterial DNA to change (transform) the genetic material of other bacteria.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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nucleic acids — nukleorūgštys statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Biopolimerai, susidedantys iš nukleotidų. atitikmenys: angl. nucleic acids rus. нуклеиновые кислоты … Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas
nucleic acids — acids that comprise part of the DNA, acids that make up hereditary apparatus … English contemporary dictionary
nucleic acids — Linear polymers of nucleotides, linked by 3 ,5 phosphodiester linkages. In DNA, deoxyribonucleic acid, the sugar group is deoxyribose, and the bases of the nucleotides adenine, guanine, thymine and cytosine. RNA, ribonucleic acid, has ribose as… … Dictionary of molecular biology
nucleic acids — Polymers of nucleotides that are active in inheritance as genes, plasmids, etc … Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
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Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid — First Publication Discovery of the DNA Double Helix Maclyn McCarty with Francis Crick and James D Watson Willia … Wikipedia