A term that refers to the effects of antipsychotic drugs on a patient, especially on his or her cognition and behavior. Neuroleptic drugs may produce a state of apathy, lack of initiative and limited range of emotion. In psychotic patients, neuroleptic drugs cause a reduction in confusion and agitation and tend to normalize psychomotor activity. The term comes from the Greek "lepsis" meaning a taking hold.
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Any of a class of psychotropic drugs used to treat psychosis, particularly schizophrenia; includes the phenothiazine, thioxanthene, and butyrophenone derivates and the dihydroindolones. SYN: n. agent. SEE ALSO: antipsychotic agent. [neuro- + G. lepsis, taking hold]

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neu·ro·lep·tic .n(y)u̇r-ə-'lep-tik n ANTIPSYCHOTIC
neuroleptic adj

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neu·ro·lep·tic (noor″o-lepґtik) [neuro- + Gr. lēpsis a taking hold] a term coined to refer to the effects on cognition and behavior of the original antipsychotic agents, which produced a state of apathy, lack of initiative, and limited range of emotion and in psychotic patients caused a reduction in confusion and agitation and normalization of psychomotor activity. The term is still used to refer to agents used to produce such effects as part of anesthesia or analgesia; however, it is outdated as a synonym for antipsychotic agents because newer agents do not necessarily have such effects. See antipsychotic.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • neuroleptic — NEUROLÉPTIC, Ă, neuroleptici, ce, adj., s.n. (Medicament, substanţă) cu efect sedativ asupra sistemului nervos. [pr.: ne u ] – Din fr. neuroleptique. Trimis de cata, 10.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  NEUROLÉPTÍC s. v. neuroplegic. Trimis de siveco,… …   Dicționar Român

  • neuroleptic — [noor΄ō lep′tik, nyoor΄ō lep′tik] adj. [Fr neuroleptique < Gr neuron, NERVE + lēptos, seizing < lambanein, to seize: see EPILEPSY] tranquilizing n. a tranquilizing drug …   English World dictionary

  • neuroleptic — noun tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired • Syn: ↑major tranquilizer, ↑major tranquillizer, ↑major tranquilliser, ↑antipsychotic drug, ↑antipsychotic agent, ↑antipsychotic, ↑neuroleptic drug, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • neuroleptic — noun Etymology: French neuroleptique, from neur + leptique affecting, from Greek lēptikos seizing, from lambanein to take, seize more at latch Date: 1958 antipsychotic • neuroleptic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Neuroleptic —    The term neuroleptic was coined by Jean Delay and Pierre Deniker in 1952 at a French language psychiatry conference in Paris for the kind of drug that reduces the symptoms of psychosis; neuroleptics are called antipsychotics in the United… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

  • neuroleptic — /noor euh lep tik, nyoor /, n., adj. antipsychotic. [1955 60; < F neuroleptique, equiv. to neuro NEURO + leptique < Gk leptikós disposed to take, equiv. to lep (verbid s. of lambánein to seize) + tikos TIC; see LEPSY] * * * …   Universalium

  • neuroleptic — 1. noun An antipsychotic drug. Syn: antipsychotic 2. adjective Having antipsychotic properties. Syn: antipsychotic …   Wiktionary

  • neurolèptic — neu|ro|lèp|tic Mot Pla Nom masculí …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • neuroleptic — neu·ro·lep·tic …   English syllables

  • neuroleptic — neu•ro•lep•tic [[t]ˌnʊər əˈlɛp tɪk, ˌnyʊər [/t]] adj. n. psi antipsychotic • Etymology: 1955–60; < F neuroleptique=neuro neuro + leptique (see organoleptic), on the model of psycholeptique orig., lessening psychic tension …   From formal English to slang

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