- pelvis) of the kidney and may range in size from tiny to staghorn stones the size of the renal pelvis itself. The cystine stones (below) compared in size to a quarter (a U.S. $0.25 coin) were obtained from the kidney of a young woman by percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PNL), a procedure for crushing and removing the dense stubborn stones characteristic of cystinuria. The pain with kidney stones is usually of sudden onset, very severe and colicky (intermittent), not improved by changes in position, radiating from the back, down the flank, and into the groin. Nausea and vomiting are common. Factors predisposing to kidney stones include recent reduction in fluid intake, increased exercise with dehydration, medications that cause hyperuricemia (high uric acid) and a history of gout. Treatment includes relief of pain, hydration and, if there is concurrent urinary infection, antibiotics. The majority of stones pass spontaneously within 48 hours. However, some stones may not. There are several factors which influence the ability to pass a stone. These include the size of the person, prior stone passage, prostate enlargement, pregnancy, and the size of the stone. A 4 mm stone has an 80% chance of passage while a 5 mm stone has a 20% chance. If a stone does not pass, certain procedures (usually by a urology specialist doctor) may be needed. The process of stone formation, nephrolithiasis, is also called urolithiasis.
“Nephrolithiasis” is derived from the Greek nephros- (kidney) lithos (stone) = kidney stone “Urolithiasis” is from the French word “urine” which, in turn, stems from the Latin “urina” and the Greek “ouron” meaning urine = urine stone. The stones themselves are also called renal caluli. The word “calculus” (plural: calculi) is the Latin word for pebble.
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* * *neph·ro·li·thi·a·sis .nef-rō-li-'thī-ə-səs n, pl -a·ses -.sēz a condition marked by the presence of renal calculi
* * *n.the presence of stones in the kidney (see calculus). Such stones can cause pain and blood in the urine, but they may produce no symptoms. Full investigation is undertaken to determine the underlying cause of stone formation. When stones are associated with urinary obstruction and infection they usually require surgical removal (see nephrolithotomy, pyelolithotomy).
* * *neph·ro·li·thi·a·sis (nef″ro-lĭ-thiґə-sis) 1. the formation of renal calculi (see under calculus). 2. the diseased condition associated with the presence of renal calculi. Called also renal lithiasis.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Nephrolithiăsis — (gr.), Steinbildung in den Nieren, s. Nierenkrankheiten … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Nephrolithiăsis — (griech.), Steinbildung in den Nieren … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Nephrolithiasis — [zu griechisch líthos »Stein«] die, /... asen, das Nierensteinleiden. * * * Ne|phro|li|thi|a|se, Ne|phro|li|thi|a|sis, die; , ...iasen (Med.): Bildung von Nierensteinen u. dadurch verursachte Erkrankung … Universal-Lexikon
nephrolithiasis — (n.) 1837, probably from German, from NEPHRO (Cf. nephro ) + lithos stone + IASIS (Cf. iasis) pathological or morbid condition … Etymology dictionary
Nephrolithiasis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 N20 Nieren und Ureterstein N21 Stein in den unteren Harnwegen … Deutsch Wikipedia
nephrolithiasis — noun Presence of calculi in kidneys … Wiktionary
nephrolithiasis — neph·ro·li·thi·a·sis … English syllables
nephrolithiasis — n. the presence of stones in the kidney (see calculus). Such stones can cause pain and blood in the urine, but they may produce no symptoms. Full investigation is undertaken to determine the underlying cause of stone formation. When stones are… … The new mediacal dictionary
nephrolithiasis — noun the presence of kidney stones (calculi) in the kidney • Syn: ↑renal lithiasis • Hypernyms: ↑lithiasis • Hyponyms: ↑nephrocalcinosis * * * ˌnefrə+ noun ( … Useful english dictionary
Нефролитиаз (Nephrolithiasis) — наличие камней в почке (см. Камень). Камни могут вызывать боль и появление крови в моче, но их присутствие может протекать и бессимптомно. Для определения причины образования камней обычно проводится полное обследование. Если наличие камней… … Медицинские термины