Antidote


Antidote
An agent that counteracts a poison and neutralizes its effects. A chemical antidote is a substance that unites with a poison to form a harmless chemical compound. A mechanical antidote is a substance that prevents the absorption of a poison from the intestine into the body. The word "antidote" is from the Greek antidotos which came from anti, against, + dotos, what is given = what is given against (something).
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An agent that neutralizes a poison or counteracts its effects. [G. antidotos, fr. anti, against, + dotos, what is given, fr. didomi, to give]
- chemical a. a substance that unites with a poison to form an innocuous chemical compound.
- mechanical a. a substance that prevents the absorption of a poison.
- physiologic a. an agent that produces systemic effects contrary to those of a given poison.
- universal a. a dated mixture of 2 parts activated charcoal, 1 part tannic acid, and 1 part magnesium oxide intended to be administered to patients who consumed poison. The mixture is ineffective and no longer used; activated charcoal is useful.

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an·ti·dote 'ant-i-.dōt n a remedy that counteracts the effects of poison

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n.
a drug that counteracts the effects of a poison or of overdosage by another drug. For example, dimercaprol is an antidote to arsenic, mercury, and other heavy metals.

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an·ti·dote (anґtĭ-dōt) [L. antidotum, from Gr. anti against + didonai to give] a remedy for counteracting a poison.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • Antidote RX — Antidote (logiciel) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Antidote (homonymie). Antidote …   Wikipédia en Français

  • antidote — [ ɑ̃tidɔt ] n. m. • XIIe; lat. d o. gr. antidotum 1 ♦ Contrepoison. Le lait est l antidote du phosphore. 2 ♦ Fig. Remède contre un mal moral. Un antidote à l ennui. ⇒ dérivatif. « d excellents antidotes contre la mélancolie » (Montesquieu). ●… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • antidote — ANTIDOTE. s. m. Contrepoison, remède pour se garantir de la peste, de l effet du poison, du venin. Bon, puissant, grand, excellent antidote. Antidote spécifique. La thériaque est un antidote contre la peste, contre la piqûre des serpens. Prendre… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Antidote — An ti*dote, v. t. 1. To counteract or prevent the effects of, by giving or taking an antidote. [1913 Webster] Nor could Alexander himself . . . antidote . . . the poisonous draught, when it had once got into his veins. South. [1913 Webster] 2. To …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antidote — ANTIDOTE. s. m. Contrepoison, remede pour se garantir de l effet du poison, ou du venin. Bon, puissant, grand, specifique, excellent antidote. la theriaque est un antidote contre la peste, contre la piqueure des serpents. prendre de l antidote …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Antidote — An ti*dote ([a^]n t[i^]*d[=o]t), n. [L. antidotum, Gr. anti doton (sc. fa rmakon), fr. anti dotos given against; anti against + dido nai to give: cf. F. antidote. See {Dose}, n.] 1. A remedy to counteract the effects of poison, or of anything… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antidoté — antidoté, ée (an ti do té, tée) adj. Pourvu d antidote. •   Nous instruisant par gracieux préceptes Et par sermons de joie antidotés, J. B. ROUSS. Épît. III, 1, à Marot.. HISTORIQUE    XVIe s. •   Les fanfreluches antidotées, trouvées en un… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • antidote — ► NOUN 1) a medicine taken to counteract a poison. 2) something that counteracts an unpleasant feeling or situation: laughter is a good antidote to stress. ORIGIN Greek antidoton, from anti against + didonai give …   English terms dictionary

  • antidote — [an′tə dōt΄] n. [ME & OFr antidote < L antidotum < Gr antidoton < anti , against + dotos, given < didonai, to give: see DATE1] 1. a remedy to counteract a poison 2. anything that works against an evil or unwanted condition antidotal… …   English World dictionary

  • antidote — index cure, remedy (that which corrects) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Antidote —   [griechisch], Singular Antidot das, (e)s, Gegenmittel, Substanzen, die die Wirkung von Giften dadurch aufheben, dass sie diese Stoffe binden oder an der Bindung am Gewebe hindern, die Giftausscheidung beschleunigen oder Gegenreaktionen des… …   Universal-Lexikon


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