Mendelian inheritance

The manner in which genes and traits are passed from parents to their children. The four modes of Mendelian inheritance are autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked dominant and X-linked recessive. The term "mendelian" refers to the great Austrian biologist Gregor Mendel (1822-84) who formulated the laws forming the foundation of classical genetics. Mendel was a monk whose controlled experiments with breeding peas in the monastery garden led him to conclude that the heritable units we now call genes were not blends of parental traits but separate physical entities passed individually in specific proportions from one generation to the next. Mendel's discoveries were ignored for several decades, but other biologists finally recognized their significance early in the 20th century.

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Mendelian inheritance n inheritance of characters specif. transmitted by genes in accord with Mendel's law called also particulate inheritance compare blending inheritance, quantitative inheritance

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that which follows Mendel's laws (q.v.).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Mendelian inheritance — Mendelian inheritance. См. Менделевское наследование. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Mendelian inheritance — For a non technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. Part of a series on Genetics Key components Chromosome DNA • RNA Genome Heredity …   Wikipedia

  • Mendelian inheritance — Inheritance of characters according to the classical laws formulated by Gregor Mendel, which give the classic ratios of segregation in the F2 generation. In sexually reproducing organisms, any process of heredity explicable in terms of… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Mendelian inheritance — noun Date: circa 1910 inheritance of characters specifically transmitted by genes in accord with Mendel s law called also particulate inheritance …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mendelian inheritance — Mode of inheritance from chromosomal genes …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • mendelian inheritance — noun Usage: usually capitalized M : particulate inheritance …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mendelian Inheritance in Man — The Mendelian Inheritance in Man project is a database that catalogues all the known diseases with a genetic component, and when possible links them to the relevant genes in the human genome and provides references for further research and tools… …   Wikipedia

  • Mendelian Inheritance in Man — Héritage mendélien chez l Homme Le projet Héritage mendélien chez l Homme (en anglais Mendelian Inheritance in Man) est une base de données originellement compilée par Victor A. McKusick, et qui dresse un catalogue de toutes les maladies connues… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mendelian Inheritance in Man — Das Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (abgekürzt OMIM) ist eine Datenbank über die Gene des Menschen und deren Mutationen. Erbliche Erkrankungen sind dadurch sehr einfach identifizierbar. Die Datenbank enthält außerdem Informationen über… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mendelian Inheritance in Man — A standard, comprehensive, regularly updated reference source for traits in humans that have been shown to be mendelian or that are thought on reasonable grounds to be so. Each entry has a six digit catalog number. Those securely established (by… …   Medical dictionary

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