Wasting away, as occurs with children who have kwashiorkor. Also called cachexia, is usually a result of protein and calorie deficiency.
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Cachexia, especially in young children, primarily due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories. SYN: marantic atrophy, Parrot disease (2), pedatrophia, pedatrophy. [G. marasmos, withering]
- nutritional m. extreme weakness and wasting secondary to malnutrition.

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ma·ras·mus mə-'raz-məs n severe malnutrition affecting infants and children esp. of impoverished regions that is characterized by poor growth, loss of subcutaneous fat, muscle atrophy, apathy, and pronounced weight loss and is usu. caused by a diet deficient in calories and proteins but sometimes by disease (as dysentery or giardiasis)

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mixed deficiency of both protein and calories, resulting in severe wasting in infants. Body weight is below 60% of that expected for age, the infant looks 'old', has thin sparse hair, is pallid and apathetic, lacks skin fat, and has subnormal temperature. The condition may be due to malabsorption, wrong feeding, metabolic disorders, repeated vomiting, diarrhoea, severe disease of the heart, lungs, kidneys, or urinary tract, or chronic bacterial or parasitic disease (especially in tropical climates). Maternal rejection of an infant may cause marasmus through undereating. Acute infection may precipitate death. Treatment depends on the underlying cause, but initially very gentle nursing and the provision of nourishment and fluids by gradual steps is appropriate for all.

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ma·ras·mus (mə-razґməs) [Gr. marasmos a dying away] a form of protein-energy malnutrition primarily due to prolonged severe caloric deficit, usually during the first year of life, with growth retardation and progressive wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle, but usually with retention of the appetite and mental alertness. Infectious diseases may be precipitating factors. Called also infantile atrophy, athrepsia, and pedatrophia. Cf. kwashiorkor. marasmatic, marasmic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • marasmus — ma*ras mus, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ?, to quench, as fire; pass., to die away.] (Med.) A wasting of flesh without fever or apparent disease; a kind of consumption; atrophy; phthisis. [1913 Webster] Pining atrophy, Marasmus, and wide wasting… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Marasmus — (v. gr.), Welkwerden, Abzehrung, Auszehrung; M. senilis, das Schwinden der Kräfte im Greisenalter …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Marásmus — (griech.), im allgemeinen soviel wie Auszehrung, besonders (M. senilis) Altersschwäche; marantisch, an M. leidend, entkräftet, erschöpft …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Marásmus — (lat.), körperliche Entkräftung infolge von Krankheiten etc.; M. senīlis, Altersschwäche …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • marasmus — wasting away of the body, 1650s, Modern Latin, from Gk. marasmos a wasting away, withering, decay, from marainein to quench, weaken, wither, from PIE root *mer to rub away, harm (see MORBID (Cf. morbid)). Maras (n.) evidently in the same sense is …   Etymology dictionary

  • marasmus — [mə raz′məs] n. [ML < Gr marasmos, a wasting away < marainein, to quench, cause to waste away: see MARE3] a condition of progressive emaciation, esp. in infants, as from inability to assimilate food marasmic adj …   English World dictionary

  • Marasmus — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 E41 Alimentärer Marasmus Erhebliche Mangelernährung mit Marasmus E42 Kwashiorkor Marasmus Erhebliche Energie un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marasmus — Not to be confused with Marasmius. Marasmus Classification and external resources Child suffering with Marasmus in India ICD 10 E …   Wikipedia

  • marasmus — marasmic, adj. marasmoid, adj. /meuh raz meuhs/, n. Pathol. malnutrition occurring in infants and young children, caused by insufficient intake of calories or protein and characterized by thinness, dry skin, poor muscle development, and… …   Universalium

  • Marasmus — Ma|ras|mus der; , <über nlat. marasmus aus gr. marasmós »das Schwachwerden, Abnehmen der Lebenskraft« zu maraínein »ausdörren, verzehren«> allgemeiner geistig körperlicher Kräfteverfall (Med.); Marasmus senilis: Kräfteverfall im… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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