Malformation, congenital

A physical defect present in a baby at birth, irrespective of whether the defect is caused by a genetic factor or by prenatal events that are not genetic. In a malformation, the development of a structure is arrested, delayed, or misdirected early in embryonic life and the effect is permanent. Congenital malformations can involve many different organs including the brain, heart, lungs, liver, bones, and intestinal tract. These defects can occur for many reasons including inherited (genetic) conditions, toxic exposure of the fetus (for example, to alcohol), birth injury and, in many cases, for unknown reasons. All parents are at risk of having a baby with a birth defect, regardless of age, race, income or residence. In the US (and many other developed nations), 2-3% of babies are born with a major congenital malformation. These infants include many with heart defects, cleft lip or palate, Down syndrome, spina bifida, and limb defects. Congenital malformations are now the leading cause of infant mortality (death) in the United States (and many other developed nations). They are present in one of every three babies that die in the US. How a particular congenital malformation affects a child varies. It depends greatly on the severity of the defect and whether or not other medical problems are present. The parents of children with congenital malformations are encouraged to discuss the specifics of the effects of the defect on their child's current condition with their child's doctor. A congenital malformations is also called a birth defect or a congenital anomaly.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation — Classification and external resources ICD 10 Q34.8 (EUROCAT Q33.80) …   Wikipedia

  • Congenital pulmonary airway malformation — (CPAM) is a hamartomatous lesion of the lung, with an incidence of about 1 in 5,000 live births. It can be separated into five types based on clinical and pathologic features. CPAM type 1 is the most common with large cysts and good prognosis.… …   Wikipedia

  • Congénital — Maladie congénitale Une maladie congénitale est une maladie ou une malformation présente à la naissance (littéralement : est né avec ). Le terme congénital n est pas synonyme d héréditaire. Une maladie congénitale peut ne pas être… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Congenital — Present at birth. A condition that is congenital is one that is present at birth. There are numerous uses of congenital in medicine. There are, for example, congenital abnormalities. (For more examples, see below.) Versus genetic : One dictionary …   Medical dictionary

  • congenital disorder — Structural abnormality (e.g., atresia, agenesis), functional problem (e.g., cystic fibrosis, phenylketonuria), or disease present at birth. Almost all are due to genetic factors (inherited or spontaneous mutations, chromosomal disorders),… …   Universalium

  • Congenital disorder — Classification and external resources MeSH D009358 …   Wikipedia

  • Congenital abnormality — Congenital Anomaly Classification and external resources ICD 10 Chapter Q MeSH D000013 …   Wikipedia

  • Congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma — Classification and external resources ICD 10 Q80.2 ICD 9 757.1 …   Wikipedia

  • Congenital lymphedema — is a blockage of fluid in the developing fetal lymphatic system. It is diagnosed by a nuchal scan. Presence of this condition is also associated with congenital heart defect.[1] See also Amniotic band syndrome HNRPH1 Norman Roberts syndrome… …   Wikipedia

  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia — Classification and external resources Morgagni s hernia seen on an X thorax. ICD 10 Q …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.