vagotomy

Division of the vagus nerve. [vago- + G. tome, incision]

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va·got·o·my vā-'gät-ə-mē n, pl -mies surgical division of the vagus nerve

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n.
the surgical cutting of any of the branches of the vagus nerve. This is usually performed to reduce secretion of acid and pepsin by the stomach in order to cure a peptic ulcer. Truncal vagotomy is the cutting of the main trunks of the vagus nerve; in selective vagotomy the branches of the nerve to the gall bladder and pancreas are left intact. Highly selective (or proximal) vagotomy is the cutting of the branches of the vagus nerve to the body of the stomach, leaving the branches to the outlet (pylorus) intact: this makes additional surgery to permit emptying of the stomach contents unnecessary. Following surgery, patients may experience postvagotomy diarrhoea after a meal (compare dumping syndrome).

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va·got·o·my (va-gotґə-me) [vagus + -tomy ] interruption of the impulses carried by the vagus nerve or nerves.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • vagotomy — [vā gät′ə mē] n. pl. vagotomies [ VAGO + TOMY] the surgical cutting of the vagus nerve, as to relieve a peptic ulcer by reducing the flow of gastric juice …   English World dictionary

  • Vagotomy — Interventions infobox Name = PAGENAME Caption = Course and distribution of the glossopharyngeal, vagus, and accessory nerves. ICD10 = ICD9 = 44.0 MeshID = D014628 OtherCodes = A vagotomy is a surgical procedure that is performed only in humans.… …   Wikipedia

  • vagotomy — n. the surgical cutting of any of the branches of the vagus nerve. This is usually performed to reduce secretion of acid and pepsin by the stomach in order to cure a peptic ulcer. Truncal vagotomy is the cutting of the main trunks of the vagus… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • vagotomy — noun (plural mies) Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: circa 1903 surgical division of the vagus nerve …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • vagotomy — /vay got euh mee/, n., pl. vagotomies. the surgical severance of vagus nerve fibers, performed to reduce acid secretion by the stomach. Cf. vagal block. [1900 05; VAGO + TOMY] * * * …   Universalium

  • vagotomy — noun The surgical resection of the vagus nerve so as to reduce the secretion of acid in the stomach and so control duodenal ulcers …   Wiktionary

  • vagotomy — [veɪ gɒtəmi] noun (plural vagotomies) the surgical operation of cutting a vagus nerve, typically to reduce gastric secretion. Derivatives vagotomized adjective …   English new terms dictionary

  • vagotomy — va·got·o·my …   English syllables

  • vagotomy — va•got•o•my [[t]veɪˈgɒt ə mi[/t]] n. pl. mies srg the surgical severance of vagus nerve fibers, performed to reduce acid secretion …   From formal English to slang

  • vagotomy — /vəˈgɒtəmi/ (say vuh gotuhmee) noun (plural vagotomies) a surgical operation for the treatment of severe peptic ulcers in which the vagus nerve is divided, thus limiting gastric secretion. {vag(us nerve) + o + tomy} …   Australian English dictionary

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