* * *Ly·sen·ko·ism lə-'seŋ-kō-.iz-əm n a biological doctrine asserting the fundamental influence of somatic and environmental factors on heredity in contradiction of orthodox genetics called also MichurinismLy·sen·ko lə-'seŋ-kō Trofim Denisovich (1898-1976)Soviet biologist and agronomist. Lysenko was the virtual dictator of biology in the Soviet Union from the 1930s through the early 1960s. He was Director of the Institute of Genetics of the Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R. from 1940 to 1965. His biological theories came to be officially adopted and mandated throughout the Soviet Union despite their virtually total rejection elsewhere. He attacked Mendelian genetics and advocated a revised form of Lamarckism, the doctrine of the inheritance of acquired characteristics. He denied the existence of genes and plant hormones and asserted that all parts of an organism have a role in heredity. He held that the application of his genetic theories would result in the development of new types of crops and increased agricultural production. In the face of overwhelming scientific challenges and the ultimate loss of political support, he was stripped of all authority in 1965 and his doctrines were repudiated.
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Lysenkoism — Lysenkoism. См. Лысенкоизм. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
Lysenkoism — [lī seŋ′kō iz΄əm] n. [after T. D. Lysenko (1898 1976), Soviet agronomist who promoted it] a repudiated doctrine based on the belief that characteristics acquired through environmental changes can be transmitted by heredity … English World dictionary
Lysenkoism — Lysenko speaking at the Kremlin in 1935. Behind him are (left to right) Stanislav Kosior, Anastas Mikoyan, Andrei Andreev and Joseph Stalin. Lysenkoism, or Lysenko Michurinism, also denotes the biological inheritance principle which Trofim… … Wikipedia
Lysenkoism — Trofim Denisovich Lysenko (1898–1976) was elevated to a position of considerable power and influence in Soviet agriculture on the basis of his theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics in plants and his claims that the seasonal… … Historical dictionary of Marxism
Lysenkoism — noun Etymology: Trofim Lysenko Date: 1948 a biological doctrine asserting the fundamental influence of somatic and environmental factors on heredity in contradiction of orthodox genetics … New Collegiate Dictionary
Lysenkoism — /li seng koh iz euhm/, n. a genetic doctrine formulated by Lysenko and asserting that acquired characteristics are inheritable. [1945 50; named after T. D. LYSENKO; see ISM] * * * … Universalium
Lysenkoism — noun a) The doctrine that maintained that environmentally acquired characteristics could be inherited. b) The use of pseudo science in furtherance of an ideology … Wiktionary
lysenkoism — ly·sen·ko·ism … English syllables
Lysenkoism — Ly•sen•ko•ism [[t]lɪˈsɛŋ koʊˌɪz əm[/t]] n. gen a genetic doctrine formulated by Lysenko and asserting that acquired characteristics are inheritable … From formal English to slang
lysenkoism — lə̇ˈseŋ(ˌ)kōˌizəm noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Trofim Denisovich Lysenko b1898 Russ. geneticist + English ism : a biological doctrine asserting the fundamental influence of somatic and environmental factors on heredity in… … Useful english dictionary