transfection

A method of gene transfer utilizing infection of a cell with nucleic acid (as from a retrovirus) resulting in subsequent viral replication in the transfected cell. [trans- + infection]

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trans·fec·tion tran(t)s-'fek-shən n infection of a cell with isolated viral nucleic acid followed by production of the complete virus in the cell also the incorporation of exogenous DNA into a cell
trans·fect -'fekt vt

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n.
the direct transfer of DNA molecules into a cell.

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trans·fec·tion (trans-fekґshən) originally, the artificial infection of competent bacterial cells by uptake of nucleic acid isolated from virus or bacteriophage, resulting in the production of mature virus or phage particles. The term has broadened and now includes any means of artificial introduction of foreign DNA into cultured eukaryotic cells; sometimes specifically denoting the stable integration of the foreign DNA into the recipient genome (also called stable transfection).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Transfection — is the process of introducing nucleic acids into cells by non viral methods [http://www.promega.com/guides/transfxn guide/transfxn.pdf] . The term transformation is preferred to describe non viral DNA transfer in bacteria and non animal… …   Wikipedia

  • transfection — transfection. См. трансфекция. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • transfection — ● transfection nom féminin Introduction d un fragment d A.D.N. étranger à l intérieur d une cellule, au cours d une expérience, d un traitement par thérapie génique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • transfection — [trans fek′shən, tranzfek′shən] n. the injection of naked nucleic acids into cells or bacteria so as to infect them, as in cancer research transfect vt …   English World dictionary

  • Transfection — On appelle transfection le processus de transfert de gènes, c est à dire l introduction d ADN exogène dans des cellules eucaryotes, non médié par un virus, par opposition à la transduction. À noter que le terme « transfection » est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • transfection — The introduction of DNA into a recipient eukaryote cell and its subsequent integration into the recipient cell s chromosomal DNA. Usually accomplished using DNA precipitated with calcium ions though a variety of other methods can be used (eg.… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • transfection — /trans fek sheuhn/, n. Biotech. the insertion into a cell of a bacterial plasmid that contains a foreign virus or genetic material. [1964; TRANS + (IN)FECTION] * * * ▪ biology       a term sometimes used for an infection initiated by using only… …   Universalium

  • transfection — noun Etymology: trans + infection Date: 1964 infection of a cell with isolated viral nucleic acid followed by production of the complete virus in the cell; also the incorporation of exogenous DNA into a cell • transfect transitive verb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • transfection — noun tɹænzˈfɛkʃən The introduction of foreign DNA into a eukaryotic cell. See Also: transfectant …   Wiktionary

  • transfection — trans·fec·tion …   English syllables

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