- State of mutual dependence, with reference to food supply, of organs or cells of a plant or an animal. [syn- + G. trophe, nourishment]
* * *syn·tro·phism 'sin-trə-.fiz-əm n mutual dependence (as of different strains of bacteria) for the satisfaction of nutritional needs
* * *syn·troph·ism (sinґtrōf-iz-əm) [syn- + troph- + -ism] crossfeeding; the stimulation of growth of a cell or organ by a factor released by another cell or organ; especially, growth stimulation of a bacterium resulting from admixture with or nearness of another strain or species, e.g., the growth of Haemophilus influenzae as satellite colonies of Staphylococcus.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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syntrophism — syn·tro·phism (sĭn trōʹfĭz əm) also syn·tro·phy (sĭnʹtrə fē) n. A biological relationship in which microorganisms of two different species or strains are mutually dependent on one another for nutritional requirements. * * * ▪ biology mutual … Universalium
syntrophism — (sin trōf izěm) The association in which the growth of one organism either depends on, or is improved by, the provision of one or more growth factors or nutrients by a neighboring organism. Sometimes both organisms benefit. This type of mutualism … Dictionary of microbiology
syntrophism — syn·tro·phism … English syllables
syntrophism — ˈsin.trəˌfizəm noun Etymology: syntrophic + ism : mutual dependence (as of different strains of bacteria) for the satisfaction of nutritional needs : syntrophic state … Useful english dictionary
nutrition — nutritional, nutritionary, adj. nutritionally, adv. /nooh trish euhn, nyooh /, n. 1. the act or process of nourishing or of being nourished. 2. the science or study of, or a course of study in, nutrition, esp. of humans. 3. the process by which… … Universalium
satellite phenomenon — See syntrophism … Dictionary of microbiology
Microbial enhanced oil recovery — (MEOR) is a biological based technology consisting in manipulating function or structure, or both, of microbial environments existing in oil reservoirs. The ultimate aim of MEOR is to improve the recovery of oil entrapped in porous media while… … Wikipedia