synovitis

Inflammation of a synovial membrane, especially that of a joint; in general, when unqualified, the same as arthritis. [synovia + G. -itis, inflammation]
- bursal s. SYN: bursitis.
- chronic hemorrhagic villous s. SYN: pigmented villonodular s..
- dry s. s. with little serous or purulent effusion. SYN: s. sicca.
- filarial s. synovial inflammation often followed by fibrotic ankylosis due to microfilariae in the joint.
- pigmented villonodular s. diffuse outgrowths of synovial membrane of a joint, usually the knee, composed of synovial villi and fibrous nodules infiltrated by hemosiderin- and lipid-containing macrophages and multinucleated giant cells; the condition may be inflammatory, although recurrence is likely to follow incomplete removal. SYN: chronic hemorrhagic villous s..
- purulent s. SYN: suppurative arthritis.
- serous s. s. with a large effusion of nonpurulent fluid.
- s. sicca SYN: dry s..
- suppurative s. SYN: suppurative arthritis.

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sy·no·vi·tis .sī-nə-'vīt-əs n inflammation of a synovial membrane usu. with pain and swelling of the joint

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n.
inflammation of the membrane (synovium) that lines a joint capsule, resulting in pain and swelling (arthritis). It is caused by injury, infection, or rheumatic disease. Treatment depends on the underlying cause; to determine this, samples of the synovial fluid or membrane are taken for examination.

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syno·vi·tis (sin″o-viґtis) inflammation of a synovium; it is usually painful, particularly on motion, and is characterized by a fluctuating swelling due to effusion within a synovial sac. Some types are named for accompanying tissue changes, such as fibrinous, hyperplastic, or lipomatous synovitis; others are named for accompanying disease processes or complications, such as gonorrheal, metritic, puerperal, rheumatic, scarlatinal, syphilitic, or tuberculous synovitis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Synovitis — is the medical term for inflammation of a synovial membrane, which line those joints which possess cavities, namely synovial joints. The condition is usually painful, particularly when the joint is moved. The joint usually swells due to fluid… …   Wikipedia

  • Synovitis — Syn o*vi tis, n. [NL. See {Synovia}, { itis}.] (Med.) Inflammation of the synovial membrane. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Synovītis — Synovītis, s. Gelenkentzündung, S. 520 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • synovitis — [sin΄ə vīt′is] n. inflammation of a synovial membrane …   English World dictionary

  • Synovitis — Die Synovitis ist eine Entzündung der inneren Schicht der Gelenkkapsel, der Membrana synovialis (Synovialis, Synovialmembran). Die histologische Beurteilung erfolgt über den Synovialitis Score. Akute Synovitis Die akute Synovitis ist durch eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • synovitis — Inflammation (swelling, pain, and warmth) of a synovial membrane, which is a layer of connective tissue that lines a joint, such as the hip, knee, ankle, or shoulder. Synovitis is caused by some types of arthritis and other diseases …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • synovitis — noun Date: circa 1836 inflammation of a synovial membrane …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • synovitis — synovitic /sin euh vit ik/, adj. /sin euh vuy tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of a synovial membrane. [1825 35; SYNOV(IA) + ITIS] * * * …   Universalium

  • synovitis — noun Inflammation of the synovium …   Wiktionary

  • Synovitis — Sy|no|vi|tis, die; , ...itiden (Med.): Gelenkentzündung …   Universal-Lexikon

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