suppository

A small solid body shaped for ready introduction into one of the orifices of the body other than the oral cavity ( e.g., rectum, urethra, vagina), made of a substance, usually medicated, which is solid at ordinary temperatures but melts at body temperature. S. bases usually used are theobroma oil, glycerinated gelatin, hydrogenated vegetable oils, mixtures of polyethylene glycols of various molecular weights, and fatty acid esters of polyethylene glycol. [L. suppositorium, fr. suppositorius, placed underneath]
- glycerin s. a conical translucent dosage form for rectal administration intended for the relief of constipation; frequently used in young children. Contains glycerin and a stiffening agent such as sodium stearate (a soap). Action is produced by lubrication, water retention, and local irritation.

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sup·pos·i·to·ry sə-'päz-ə-.tōr-ē, -.tȯr- n, pl -ries a solid but readily meltable cone or cylinder of usu. medicated material for insertion into a bodily passage or cavity (as the rectum, vagina, or urethra)

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n.
a medicinal preparation in solid form suitable for insertion into the rectum or vagina. Rectal suppositories may contain simple lubricants (e.g. glycerin); drugs that act locally in the rectum or anus (e.g. corticosteroids, local anaesthetics); or drugs that are absorbed and act at other sites (e.g. bronchodilator). Vaginal suppositories are used in the treatment of some gynaecological disorders (see pessary).

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sup·pos·i·to·ry (sə-pozґĭ-tor-e) [L. suppositorium] a medicated mass adapted for introduction into the rectal, vaginal, or urethral orifice of the body; suppository bases are solid at room temperature but melt or dissolve at body temperature. Commonly used bases are cocoa butter, glycerinated gelatin, hydrogenated vegetable oils, polyethylene glycols of various molecular weights, and fatty acid esters of polyethylene glycol.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Suppository — Sup*pos i*to*ry, n.; pl. {Suppositories}. [LL. suppositorium, fr. L. suppositorius that is placed underneath: cf. F. suppositoire. See {Supposition}.] (Med.) A pill or bolus for introduction into the rectum; esp., a cylinder or cone of medicated… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • suppository — (n.) late 14c., from M.L. suppositorium, noun use of neuter of L.L. suppositorius placed underneath or up, from L. suppositus, pp. of supponere put or place under (see SUPPOSE (Cf. suppose)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • suppository — ► NOUN (pl. suppositories) ▪ a solid medical preparation in a roughly conical or cylindrical shape, designed to dissolve after insertion into the rectum or vagina. ORIGIN Latin suppositorium thing placed underneath …   English terms dictionary

  • suppository — [sə päz′ə tôr΄ē] n. pl. suppositories [ME suppositorie < ML suppositorium < neut. of L suppositorius, placed underneath < suppositus: see SUPPOSITION] a small piece of medicated substance, usually conical, ovoid, or cylindrical,… …   English World dictionary

  • Suppository — A suppository is a drug delivery system that is inserted either into the rectum (rectal suppository), vagina (vaginal suppository) or urethra (urethral suppository) where it dissolves.They are used to deliver both systemically acting and locally… …   Wikipedia

  • suppository — n. 1) to insert a suppository 2) a rectal; vaginal suppository * * * [sə pɒzɪt(ə)rɪ] vaginal suppository a rectal to insert a suppository …   Combinatory dictionary

  • suppository — UK [səˈpɒzɪt(ə)rɪ] / US [səˈpɑzɪˌtɔrɪ] noun [countable] Word forms suppository : singular suppository plural suppositories a drug in the form of a small block that is put inside the rectum or vagina to treat a medical condition …   English dictionary

  • suppository — [[t]səpɒ̱zɪtri, AM tɔːri[/t]] suppositories N COUNT A suppository is a solid block of medicine that is put into the vagina or rectum, where it gradually dissolves …   English dictionary

  • suppository — žvakutė statusas Aprobuotas sritis farmacinės formos apibrėžtis Vartoti į tiesiąją žarną skirtas tam tikros formos, dydžio ir konsistencijos kietas vienadozis preparatas. Žvakučių veiklioji ( sios) medžiaga ( os) išsklaidyta ( os) ar ištirpinta ( …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • suppository — A form of medicine contained in a small piece of solid material, such as cocoa butter or glycerin, that melts at body temperature. A suppository is inserted into the rectum, vagina, or urethra and the medicine is absorbed into the bloodstream …   English dictionary of cancer terms

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