Knee replacement, total
- femur) and the shin bone (tibia) are removed as is often the underside of the kneecap (patella). The artificial parts are then cemented into place. The new knee typically has a metal shell on the end of the femur, a metal and plastic trough on the tibia, and sometimes a plastic button in the kneecap. Total knee replacement may be done on people, usually over 55, whose knees have been damaged by arthritis, trauma, or other destructive diseases of the joint resulting in severe limiting knee pain and significant stiffness, instability (constant giving way) and deformity (lock-knees or bowlegs) of the knee.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Knee replacement — Knee replacement, or knee arthroplasty, is a common surgical procedure most often performed to relieve the pain and disability from degenerative arthritis, most commonly osteoarthritis, but other arthritides as well. [ cite… … Wikipedia
Total knee replacement — A surgical procedure in which damaged parts of the knee joint are replaced with artifical parts. The surgery is done by separating the muscles and ligaments around the knee to expose the inside of the joint. The ends of the thigh bone (femur) and … Medical dictionary
Knee, artificial — Total knee replacement, a surgical procedure in which damaged parts of the knee joint are replaced with artifical parts. The surgery is done by separating the muscles and ligaments around the knee to expose the inside of the joint. The ends of… … Medical dictionary
Knee osteoarthritis — is a degenerative disease of the knee joint. It is more common in people older than 40 years. Women have greater chance to be affected. Contents 1 Signs and symptoms 2 Causes 3 … Wikipedia
Knee cartilage replacement therapy — Articular cartilage, most notably that which is found in the knee joint, is generally characterized by very low friction, high wear resistance, and poor regenerative qualities. It is responsible for much of the compressive resistance and load… … Wikipedia
total joint arthroplasty — (TJA) arthroplasty in which both sides of a joint are removed and replaced by artificial implants anchored to the bones; the most common joints treated are the hip, knee, elbow, and shoulder. Called also total joint replacement … Medical dictionary
Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty — is a surgical procedure used to relieve arthritis in one of the knee compartments in which the damaged parts of the knee are replaced. UKA surgery may reduce post operative pain and have a shorter recovery period than a total knee… … Wikipedia
Artificial knee — A replacement for the human knee. An artificial knee typically has a metal shell on the end of the thigh bone (the femur), a metal and plastic trough on the shin bone (the tibia), and sometimes a plastic button in the kneecap (the patella). An… … Medical dictionary
Oxford knee score — The Oxford Knee Score (OKS) is a Patient Reported Outcome questionnaire that was developed to specifically assess the patient s perspective of outcome following Total Knee Arthroplasty. The OKS has subsequently been validated for use in assessing … Wikipedia
Meniscal cartilage replacement therapy — The meniscus is a C shaped piece of fibrocartilage located at the peripheral aspect of the knee joint that offers lubrication and nutrition to the joint. Each knee has two menisci, medial and lateral, whose purpose is to provide space between the … Wikipedia