The dried leaves and flowering or fruiting tops with branches of Datura s. or D. tatula (family Solanaceae), a herb abounding in temperate and subtropical countries; it contains an alkaloid, daturine, identical with hyoscyamine. It is an antispasmodic and has been used in the treatment of asthma and parkinsonism; when abused or taken inadvertently, it may cause an atropine-like toxic psychosis. [Mod. L.]

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stra·mo·ni·um strə-'mō-nē-əm n
1) the dried leaves of the jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) or of a related plant of the genus Datura containing the anticholinergic and antispasmodic alkaloids atropine, hyoscyamine, and scopolamine and used esp. formerly in the treatment of asthma and parkinsonism

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stra·mo·ni·um (strə-moґne-əm) 1. Datura stramonium. 2. the dried leaf and flowering or fruiting tops of D. stramonium, a source of hyoscyamine and scopolamine and having anticholinergic and parasympatholytic effects. It is used in folk medicine for various respiratory problems, in Chinese medicine for pain and respiratory problems, and in homeopathy for infection, cramps, and ocular inflammation. Called also jimson weed and thorn apple.

Medical dictionary. 2011.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stramonium — Stra*mo ni*um, n. [NL.; Cf. F. stramoine.] (Bot.) A poisonous plant ({Datura Stramonium}); stinkweed. See {Datura}, and {Jamestown weed}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stramonĭum — Stramonĭum, s. Datura …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stramonium — Stramonĭum, Artname des gemeinen Stechapfels (s. Datura) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • stramonium — [strə mō′nē əm] n. [ModL] 1. JIMSON WEED 2. the dried leaves and flowering top of this plant, formerly used in medicine as an antispasmodic …   English World dictionary

  • stramonium — stramoine [ stramwan ] n. f. ou vx stramonium [ stramɔnjɔm ] n. m. • 1776, 1602; stramonia 1572; lat. bot., o. i. ♦ Bot. Datura appelée aussi pomme épineuse, dont les feuilles contiennent plusieurs alcaloïdes toxiques, employés en thérapeutique… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • STRAMONIUM — s. m. (On prononce Stramoniome. ) T. de Botan. Plante de la famille des Solanées, à feuilles larges et à grandes fleurs blanches, dont le fruit, appelé Pomme épineuse, est une capsule grosse comme une noix, et hérissée de pointes aiguës : elle… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • stramonium — (stra mo ni om ) s. m. Nom du datura stramonium, solanées, dit aussi pomme épineuse et herbe aux sorciers. •   Le poison du stramonium, du champignon et de la vipère est une production de la nature, FOURCROY Conn. chim. t. I, p. III. ÉTYMOLOGIE… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • stramonium — n. Thorn apple, stramony, Jamestown weed, apple Peru (Datura stramonium) …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • stramonium — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1663 1. the dried leaves of the jimsonweed or of a related plant (genus Datura) that contain toxic alkaloids (as atropine) used in medicine 2. jimsonweed …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • STRAMONIUM — n. m. T. de Botanique Plante vénéneuse de la famille des Solanées, à feuilles larges et à grandes fleurs blanches …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

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