sprue

1. Primary intestinal malabsorption with steatorrhea. SYN: cachexia aphthosa. 2. In dentistry, wax or metal used to form the aperture(s) for molten metal to flow into a mold to make a casting; also, the metal that later fills the s. hole(s). [D. spruw]
- celiac s. SYN: celiac disease.
- nontropical s. s. occurring in persons away from the tropics; usually called celiac disease; due to gluten-induced enteropathy.
- tropical s. s. occurring in the tropics, often associated with enteric infection and nutritional deficiency, and frequently complicated by folate deficiency with macrocytic anemia. SYN: tropical diarrhea.

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sprue 'sprü n
1) CELIAC DISEASE
2) a disease of tropical regions that is of unknown cause and is characterized by fatty diarrhea and malabsorption of nutrients called also tropical sprue

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n.
deficient absorption of food due to disease of the small intestine. Tropical sprue is seen in people from temperate regions who stay in tropical climates for weeks or months. It is characterized by diarrhoea (usually steatorrhoea), an inflamed tongue (glossitis), anaemia, and weight loss; the lining of the small intestine is inflamed and atrophied, probably because of infection. Treatment with antibiotics and folic acid is usually effective, but the condition often improves spontaneously on return to a temperate climate. See also coeliac disease, malabsorption.

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(sproo) [Dutch spruw] 1. a chronic form of malabsorption syndrome occurring in tropical and nontropical forms. 2. in a dental casting, an opening in the investment through which the molten alloy or metal can reach the mold space after the wax has been eliminated.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sprue — sprue …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • sprue — [ spry ] n. f. • 1923; mot angl. ♦ Méd. Affection intestinale chronique caractérisée par une diarrhée fréquente et abondante. ● sprue nom féminin (anglais sprue, scories) Maladie surtout tropicale, caractérisée par une diarrhée chronique, une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • SPRUE — [синонимы: aphthae tropicae (van der Burg, 1880), diarrhoea alba, psilosis linguae (Thin, 1897), tropical diarrhoea], тяжелое хрон. заболевание, характеризующееся циклическим течением, поносами в виде обильных пенистых беловатых испражнений,… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • sprue — s.f. Boală endemică de la tropice sau din zonele temperate, caracterizată prin diaree cronică, anemie etc. [pron. spru. / < fr., it., engl. sprue]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 18.04.2008. Sursa: DN  SPRUE SPRU/ s. f. boală endemică de la tropice… …   Dicționar Român

  • Sprue — (spr[udd]), n. [Etymol. uncertain.] 1. (Founding) (a) Strictly, the hole through which melted metal is poured into the gate, and thence into the mold. (b) The waste piece of metal cast in this hole; hence, dross. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) Same as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sprue — [ßpru̱; aus gleichbed. engl. sprue] w; : fieberhafte Erkrankung mit periodisch auftretenden Fettstühlen, Zungenschwund und Blutarmut …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Sprue — [spru:] die; <aus gleichbed. engl. sprue, dies aus (mittel)niederl. sprouwe, weitere Herkunft ungeklärt> fieberhafte Erkrankung mit Gewebsveränderungen im Bereich von Zunge u. Dünndarmschleimhaut (Med.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • sprue — sprùe m DEFINICIJA pat. poremećaj probave i apsorpcije u tankom crijevu zbog preosjetljivosti prema glijadinu iz pšeničnih i raženih zrna; celijakija ETIMOLOGIJA engl. sprue ← nizoz. spruw: tumor …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sprue — Sprue. См. Стояк. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Sprüe — Sprüe, Vogel, so v.w. Staar …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sprue — (engl., spr. ßprū), in warmen Ländern vorkommende Darmentzündung mit übelriechenden, durch reichliche Gasbeimengung schaumigen Durchfällen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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