1. An injury to a ligament as a result of abnormal or excessive forces applied to a joint, but without dislocation or fracture. 2. To cause a s. of a joint.

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sprain 'sprān n a sudden or violent twist or wrench of a joint causing the stretching or tearing of ligaments and often rupture of blood vessels with hemorrhage into the tissues also the condition resulting from a sprain that is usu. marked by swelling, inflammation, hemorrhage, and discoloration compare STRAIN (b)
sprain vt to weaken (a joint or ligament) by sudden and violent twisting or wrenching: stretch (ligaments) injuriously without dislocation of the joint

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injury to a ligament, caused by sudden overstretching. As the ligament is not severed it gradually heals, but this may take several months. Sprains should be treated by cold compresses (ice-packs) at the time of injury, and later by restriction of activity.

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(sprān) a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

(as a joint), , ,

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sprain — Sprain, n. The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining; as, a bad sprain of the wrist. [1913 Webster] {Sprain fracture} (Med.), the separation of a tendon from its point of insertion, with the detachment of a shell of bone to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sprain — (spr[=a]n), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sprained} (spr[=a]nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Spraining}.] [OF. espreindreto press, to force out, F. [ e]preindre, fr. L. exprimere. See {Express}, v. t., and cf. {Spraints}.] To weaken, as a joint, ligament, or muscle …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sprain — [spreın] v [T] to damage a joint in your body by suddenly twisting it = ↑twist ▪ I fell down the steps and sprained my ankle . >sprain n ▪ I thought my wrist might be broken, but it was just a bad sprain …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • sprain — n *strain sprain vb strain (see under STRAIN n) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • sprain — (n.) c.1600, of uncertain origin. The verb is attested from 1620s. A connection has been suggested to M.Fr. espraindre to press out, from L. exprimere, but the sense evolution is difficult …   Etymology dictionary

  • sprain — ► VERB ▪ wrench the ligaments of (a joint) violently so as to cause pain and swelling but not dislocation. ► NOUN ▪ the result of such a wrench. ORIGIN of unknown origin …   English terms dictionary

  • sprain — [sprān] vt. [< ? OFr espreindre, to force out, strain < VL * expremere, for L exprimere: see EXPRESS] to wrench or twist a ligament or muscle of (a joint, as the ankle) without dislocating the bones n. 1. an act of spraining 2. the… …   English World dictionary

  • Sprain — ] * Rest: The sprain should be rested. No additional force should be applied on site of the sprain. If, for example, the sprain were an ankle sprain, then walking should be kept to a minimum.cite web|url=http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A… …   Wikipedia

  • sprain — I UK [spreɪn] / US verb [transitive] Word forms sprain : present tense I/you/we/they sprain he/she/it sprains present participle spraining past tense sprained past participle sprained to injure a joint such as your wrist by suddenly stretching or …   English dictionary

  • sprain — sprain1 [ spreın ] verb transitive to injure a JOINT such as your wrist by suddenly stretching or turning it too much: My grandma sprained her knee. ╾ sprained adjective: a severely sprained left ankle sprain sprain 2 [ spreın ] noun count a… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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