sponge

1. Absorbent material, such as gauze or prepared cotton, used to absorb fluids. 2. A member of the phylum Porifera, the cellular endoskeleton of which is a source of commercial sponges. SYN: spongia. [G. spongia]
- absorbable gelatin s. a sterile, absorbable, water-insoluble gelatin base s., used to control capillary bleeding in surgical operations; it is left in situ and is absorbed in from 4 to 6 weeks.
- Bernays s. a compressed disk of aseptic cotton that swells when moistened; used in packing cavities.
- compressed s. a s. that is impregnated with a thin mucilage of acacia, wrapped with twine to the desired shape, and then dried; used to dilate sinuses, the os uteri, etc. by absorbing moisture after insertion. SYN: s. tent.
- contraceptive s. a resilient, hydrophilic s. of polyurethane foam impregnated with a spermicide; contraception is achieved by action of the spermicide; no longer manufactured in the U.S.

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sponge 'spənj n
1) an elastic porous mass of interlacing horny fibers that forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals (phylum Porifera) and is able when wetted to absorb liquid
2 a) a small pad made of multiple folds of gauze or of cotton and gauze used to mop blood from a surgical incision, to carry inhalant medicaments to the nose, or to cover a superficial wound as a dressing
b) a porous dressing (as of fibrin or gelatin) applied to promote wound healing
c) a plastic prosthesis used in chest cavities following lung surgery
3) an absorbent contraceptive device impregnated with spermicide that is inserted into the vagina before sexual intercourse to cover the cervix and act as a barrier to sperm
sponge vt, sponged; spong·ing to cleanse, wipe, or moisten with or as if with a sponge <\sponge the patient's back>

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(spunj) [Gr. spongia] 1. a member of the invertebrate phylum Porifera. 2. the elastic fibrous skeleton of such an animal, used mainly as an absorbent. 3. an absorbent pad of gauze or other material.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sponge — (sp[u^]nj), n. [OF. esponge, F. [ e]ponge, L. spongia, Gr. spoggia , spo ggos. Cf. {Fungus}, {Spunk}.] [Formerly written also {spunge}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of Spongi[ae], or Porifera. See Illust. and Note under {Spongi[ae]} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sponge — [spunj] n. [ME < OE < L spongia < Gr spongia, spongos] 1. any of a phylum (Porifera) of simple, aquatic, sessile animals having a porous structure and a tough, often siliceous or calcareous, skeleton 2. the elastic skeleton, or a piece… …   English World dictionary

  • Sponge — Sponge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sponged} (sp[u^]njd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Sponging} (sp[u^]n j[i^]ng).] 1. To cleanse or wipe with a sponge; as, to sponge a slate or a cannon; to wet with a sponge; as, to sponge cloth. [1913 Webster] 2. To wipe out… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sponge — ► NOUN 1) an aquatic invertebrate with a soft porous body. 2) a piece of a light, absorbent substance originally consisting of the fibrous skeleton of a sponge but now usually made of synthetic material, used for washing, as padding, etc. 3) a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Sponge — Sponge, v. i. 1. To suck in, or imbibe, as a sponge. [1913 Webster] 2. Fig.: To gain by mean arts, by intrusion, or hanging on; as, an idler sponges on his neighbor. E. Eggleston. [1913 Webster] The fly is an intruder, and a common smell feast,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sponge — Pays d’origine Detroit, Michigan, États Unis Genre musical Post grunge Années d activité 1991–aujourd hui Labels Sony, Beyond, Idol Site officiel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sponge\ on — • sponge on • sponge off v. phr. To exploit parasitically; depend upon for support. He is already forty years old, but he refuses to go to work and sponges off his retired parents …   Словарь американских идиом

  • sponge — [n] moocher bum*, cadger, deadbeat*, freeloader*, hanger on, leech*, panhandler, parasite, scrounger; concepts 412,423 sponge [v] mooch beg, bum*, cadge, chisel*, freeload*, hit up*, hustle, live off of, panhandle, scrounge; concept 53 …   New thesaurus

  • Sponge — Sponge. См. губка. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • sponge — index parasite Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • sponge — sponge, sponger *parasite, sycophant, favorite, toady, lickspittle, bootlicker, hanger on, leech …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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