solvent

A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it. [L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]
- amphiprotic s. a s. capable of acting as an acid or a base; e.g., H2O. See solvolysis.
- fat solvents organic liquids notable for their ability to dissolve lipids; usually, but not always, immiscible in water; e.g., diethyl ether, carbon tetrachloride. SYN: nonpolar solvents.
- nonpolar solvents SYN: fat solvents.
- polar solvents solvents that exhibit polar forces on solutes, due to high dipole moment, wide separation of charges, or tight association; e.g., water, alcohols, acids.
- universal s. a substance sought by the alchemists, and claimed by some to have been found, supposedly capable of dissolving all substances; sometimes, in a physiological sense, applied to water.

* * *

sol·vent 'säl-vənt, 'sȯl- adj that dissolves or can dissolve <\solvent fluids> <\solvent action of water>
solvent n a substance capable of or used in dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances esp a liquid component of a solution present in greater amount than the solute

* * *

sol·vent (solґvənt) [L. solvere to dissolve] 1. dissolving; effecting a solution. 2. a substance, usually a liquid, that dissolves or that is capable of dissolving; the component of a solution that is present in greater amount. Cf. solute.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • solvent — solvent …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • solvent — sol·vent / säl vənt/ adj: able to pay all legal debts as they become due Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. solvent …   Law dictionary

  • Solvent — Sol vent (s[o^]l vent), a. [L. solvens, p. pr. of solvere. See {Solvable}.] 1. Having the power of dissolving; dissolving; as, a solvent fluid. The solvent body. Boyle. [1913 Webster] 2. Able or sufficient to pay all just debts; as, a solvent… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solvent — Sol vent, n. (Chem.) A substance (usually liquid) suitable for, or employed in, solution, or in dissolving something; as, water is the appropriate solvent of most salts, alcohol of resins, ether of fats, and mercury or acids of metals, etc. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Solvent — als Substantiv bezeichnet: in der Chemie ein Lösungsmittel, siehe Solvens solvent als Adjektiv bezeichnet: die Eigenschaft des Zustands der Zahlungsfähigkeit, siehe Solvenz die Eigenschaft eines lösenden Stoffes in der Chemie, siehe Solvens …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • solvent — (adj.) 1650s, able to pay all one owes, from Fr. solvent, from L. solventem (nom. solvens), prp. of solvere loosen, dissolve (see SOLVE (Cf. solve)). Noun meaning substance able to dissolve other substances first recorded 1670s …   Etymology dictionary

  • solvent — Adj. (Aufbaustufe) in der Lage, seinen Verbindlichkeiten nachzukommen, zahlungsfähig Synonym: liquid Beispiel: Vor dem Gewähren eines Kredits überprüft die Bank genau, ob ihr Kunde solvent ist …   Extremes Deutsch

  • Solvent — Solvent. См. Растворитель. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Solvent — (lat.), zahlungsfähig (daher insolvent, zahlungsunfähig); Solvenz, Zahlungsfähigkeit, im Gegensatz zu Insolvenz (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Solvént — (lat.), zahlungsfähig; Solvénz, Zahlungsfähigkeit; Solventĭa, auflösende Heilmittel …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • solvent — [adj] financially sound able to pay, financially stable, firm, fit, in the pink*, out of the red*, solid, stable; concepts 314,488 …   New thesaurus

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.