senna

The dried leaflets or legumes of Cassia acutifolia (Alexandrine s.) and C. angustifolia (Tinnevelly or Indian s.); a laxative. [Ar. sena]

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sen·na 'sen-ə n
1) any plant of the genus Cassia esp one used medicinally
2) the dried leaflets or pods of various sennas (esp. Cassia acutifolia and C. angustifolia) used as a purgative

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n.
the dried fruits of certain shrubs of the genus Cassia, used as a stimulant laxative to relieve constipation. It is administered by mouth; side-effects do not usually occur, but severe diarrhoea may follow large doses. Trade name: Senokot.

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sen·na (senґə) any plant of the genus Cassia. Some are sources of the medicine senna; the seeds of C. occidentalis (coffee senna) are poisonous, causing muscle degeneration and sometimes fatal cardiomyopathy in cattle. [USP] the dried leaves of Cassia acutifolia (Alexandria senna) or C. angustifolia (India or Tinnevelly senna), used chiefly as a cathartic; its main active constituents are sennosides A and B.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Senna — can refer to:Individuals* Ayrton Senna (1960–1994), former Brazilian F1 driver and triple World Champion * Bruno Senna (born 1983), race car driver and nephew of Ayrton Senna * Danzy Senna (born 1970), novelist * Marcos Senna (born 1976),… …   Wikipedia

  • Senna — bezeichnet eine Gattung der Johannisbrotgewächse, siehe Senna (Gattung) speziell die pharmazeutisch verwendete Art Senna alexandrina einen Abschnitt im mittelalterlichen Heldenepos Nibelungenlied (Streit zwischen Kriemhild und Brünhild) einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Senna — Sen na, n. [Cf. It. & Sp. sena, Pg. sene, F. s[ e]n[ e]; all fr. Ar. san[=a].] 1. (Med.) The leaves of several leguminous plants of the genus Cassia. ({C. acutifolia}, {C. angustifolia}, etc.). They constitute a valuable but nauseous cathartic… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Senna [2] — Senna, Art der Pflanzengattung Cassia. S. germanica, ist Colutea arborescens. Senna do campo, s. Sennesblätter …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • senna — 1540s, from Mod.L. senna, from Arabic sana. Earlier was sene (c.1400), from French …   Etymology dictionary

  • Senna [1] — Senna, Stadt, so v.w. Sana 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Senna [1] — Senna, Sennesblätter (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Senna [2] — Senna (Sena), öde Stadt in Portugiesisch Ostafrika, am rechten Ufer des Sambesi, sehr ungesund, hat Fort und einige Steinhäuser, meist aber Stroh und Binsenhütten, mit etwa 2000 Einw. (Mischlinge und Schwarze, nur wenige Weiße) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Senna — Senna, s. Sennesblätter …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • SENNA — vulgo MISA, fluv. Umbriae in ora Senonum ad Senam Gallicam urb. mari Hadriatico acceptus, Lucan. l. 2. v. 407. Sennaque, et Aariacas qui verberat Aufidus undas. Ortelie Cesano esse videtut, inter Fanum et Senogalliam …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • senna- — *senna , *sennaz, *senþna , *senþnaz germ., stark. Maskulinum (a): nhd. Sinn; ne. sense (Neutrum); Rekontruktionsbasis: ae., afries., ahd.; Etymologie: vergleiche idg …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

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