sample

1. A specimen of a whole entity small enough to involve no threat or damage to the whole; an aliquot. 2. A selected subset of a population; a s. may be random or nonrandom (haphazard), representative or nonrepresentative. [M.E. ensample, fr. L. exemplum, example]
- cluster s. each sampling unit is a group of individuals.
- end- tidal s. a s. of the last gas expired in a normal expiration, ideally consisting only of alveolar gas.
- Haldane-Priestley s. an approximation of alveolar gas obtained from the end of a sudden maximal expiration into a Haldane tube.
- probability s. each individual in the s. has a known, generally equal, chance of being selected.
- proficiency samples samples sent to a laboratory as unknowns to allow an external assessment of laboratory performance, a frequent practice as part of proficiency testing programs to ensure the laboratory is generating correct results. SEE ALSO: proficiency testing.
- Rahn-Otis s. an approximation of alveolar gas continuously provided by a simple device that admits just the latter part of each expiration.
- random s. a selection on the basis of chance of individuals or items in a population for research; selection is made in such a way that all members presumably have the same chance of being selected.
- stratified s. a subset of a total population, defined by some objective criterion such as age or occupation, is sampled.
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Study on Ambulatory Monitoring of Pressure and Lisinopril Evaluation

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sam·ple 'sam-pəl n
1) a representative part or a single item from a larger whole or group esp. when presented for inspection or shown as evidence of quality: SPECIMEN <a blood \sample>
2) a finite part of a statistical population whose properties are studied to gain information about the whole

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sam·ple (samґpəl) [L. exemplum example] 1. a representative part taken to typify the whole. 2. a subset of a population that is selected for inclusion in a research study.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Sample — may refer to:* SAMPLE History, a mnemonic acronym for questions first responders should ask * The USS Sample (FF 1048), a frigate in the U.S. NavyPeople with the surname Sample include: * Alexander King Sample, a Catholic bishop in Michigan *… …   Wikipedia

  • sample — I noun archetype, case in point, cross section, documentum, ensample, example, exemplar, exemplification, exemplum, guide, illustration, instance, model, original, paradigm, prototype, representation, representative, representative selection,… …   Law dictionary

  • Sample — Sam ple, n. [OE. sample, asaumple, OF. essample, example, fr. L. exemplum. See {Example}, and cf. {Ensample}, {Sampler}.] 1. Example; pattern. [Obs.] Spenser. A sample to the youngest. Shak. [1913 Webster] Thus he concludes, and every hardy… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sample — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Esta imagen representa al sonido digitalizado y muestra su forma de ondas (waveform). Es frecuente este tipo de representación del audio en el software o hardware que permite manipular los sonidos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sample — Sam ple, v. t. 1. To make or show something similar to; to match. Bp. Hall. [1913 Webster] 2. To take or to test a sample or samples of; as, to sample sugar, teas, wools, cloths. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sample — ● sample nom masculin (anglais, sample, échantillon) Musique Échantillon. ● semple ou sample nom masculin (de simple) Ensemble des cordes verticales tendues sur le pied à lire, pour la préparation des cartons destinés à la mécanique Jacquard …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sample — [sam′pəl, säm′pəl] n. [ME, aphetic for asample < Anglo Fr, for OFr essample: see EXAMPLE] 1. a part, piece, or item taken or shown as representative of a whole thing, group, species, etc.; specimen; pattern [samples of wallpaper] 2. an… …   English World dictionary

  • sample — [n] example, model bit, bite, case, case history, constituent, cross section, element, exemplification, fragment, illustration, indication, individual, instance, morsel, part, pattern, piece, portion, representative, sampling, segment, sign,… …   New thesaurus

  • sample — ► NOUN 1) a small part or quantity intended to show what the whole is like. 2) Statistics a portion of a population, serving as a basis for estimates of the attributes of the whole population. 3) a specimen taken for scientific testing or… …   English terms dictionary

  • Sample — Sample. См. проба. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Sample — Sample,das:⇨Muster(2) …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

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