* * *index case n1) an instance of a disease or a genetically determined condition that is discovered first and leads to the discovery of others in a family or population2) index patient <we first examined the index case when he was aged 59 years (Stephanie B. Matthews & Anthony Campbell)>
* * *1. the first case observed in a family or other defined group, which provides the stimulus for a genetic study; the affected individual is called the propositus. 2. in epidemiology of contagious disease, the first case of a disease, as opposed to subsequent cases.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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