Icterus

Jaundice. At least one medical dictionary defines icterus as the presence of jaundice seen in the sclera of the eye. This is incorrect. Icterus is synonymous with jaundice. They are one and the same thing. Curiously, both icterus and jaundice come from the Greek. Icterus is a Latinized (-us) form of the Greek word "ikteros" and to the ancient Greeks signified both "jaundice" and "a yellow bird." It was thought that jaundice could be cured if the patient gazed at the bird. The disease would transmigrate from the jaundiced patient to the hapless bird (JAMA 184: 615, 1963). For related information, see Jaundice.
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SYN: jaundice. [G. ikteros]
- acquired hemolytic i. i. and anemia occuring in association with a moderate degree of splenomegaly, increased fragility of red blood cells, and increased amounts of urobilin in the urine. SYN: icteroanemia.
- benign familial i. SYN: familial nonhemolytic jaundice.
- cholestatic hepatosis i. gravidarum SYN: intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.
- chronic familial i. SYN: hereditary spherocytosis.
- congenital hemolytic i. SYN: hereditary spherocytosis.
- cythemolytic i. i. caused by absorption of bile produced in excess through stimulation by free hemoglobin caused by the destruction of red blood corpuscles.
- i. gravis jaundice associated with high fever and delirium; seen in severe hepatitis and other diseases of the liver with severe functional failure. SYN: malignant jaundice.
- infectious i. SYN: Weil disease.
- i. melas a form in which the skin assumes a dirty dark brown color.
- i. neonatorum SYN: physiologic i.. SYN: physiologic jaundice.
- physiologic i. SYN: i. neonatorum.
- i. praecox a relatively innocent but rapidly developing type of jaundice with mild anemia in the newborn, most frequently caused by ABO incompatibility between mother and fetus.

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ic·ter·us 'ik-tə-rəs n JAUNDICE

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n.

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ic·ter·us (ikґtər-əs) [L., from Gr. ikteros] jaundice. icteric adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Icterus — Oriole …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Icterus — can mean: * Icterus is the genus name for orioles in the Americas. * Icterus (medicine) is the yellow coloration of skin and mucus membranes of jaundice …   Wikipedia

  • Icterus — Ic te*rus, n. [NL. See {Icteric}, a.] (Med.) The jaundice. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ictĕrus [1] — Ictĕrus (gr.), gelbe Färbung der Haut durch Gallenfarbstoff, s. Gelbsucht; daher Iclerisch, gelbsüchtig …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ictĕrus [2] — Ictĕrus (I. Temk., Trupial), Gattung aus der Familie der Corvinen u. der Unterfamilie der Sturniden, mit einem gebogenen Schnabel, welcher die Stirnfedern nur mittels eines spitzen Ausschnittes umfaßt, übrigens wie die verwandte Gattung Cassicus; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ictĕrus [1] — Ictĕrus (griech.), Gelbsucht (s. d.); I. neonatorum, Gelbsucht der Neugebornen; I. saturninus, Gelbsucht durch Bleivergiftung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ictĕrus [2] — Ictĕrus, der Trupial (s. d.); Icteridae, Stärlinge, eine Familie der Sperlingsvögel (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Icterus — Ictĕrus (grch.), Gelbsucht (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Icterus — Icterus, lat., Gelbsucht; icterisch, gelbsüchtig …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • icterus — ictericia Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • ICTERUS — Graece ἴκτερος, avicula flavi coloris. Plin. l. 30. c. 11. quoe si spectetur, sanari id malum (icterum, s. morbum regium) tradunt t avem mori. Hanc puto Latine vocari galgulum, Hinc ei nomen a morbo, cui medetur; morbo autem ab oculis mustelae, s …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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