- e.g. Gatorade) that contains carbohydrates and electrolytes, may help prolong an athlete's peak performance and replace sodium lost in sweat. Athletes should also salt their food for several days before a high-endurance event. Sodium is the major positively charged ion (cation) in the fluid outside of cells of the body. The chemical notation for sodium is Na. When combined with chloride, the resulting substance is table salt. The normal blood sodium level is 135 - 145 milliEquivalents/liter (mEq/L), or in international units, 135 - 145 millimoles/liter (mmol/L).
* * *Abnormally low concentrations of sodium ions in the circulating blood. [hypo- + natrium, + G. haima, blood]- depletional h. decreased serum sodium concentration associated with loss of sodium from the circulating blood via the GI tract, kidney, skin, or into “third space.” Accompanied by hypovolemic and hypotonic state.
* * *hy·po·na·tre·mia or chiefly Brit hy·po·na·trae·mia -nā-'trē-mē-ə n deficiency of sodium in the bloodhy·po·na·tre·mic or chiefly Brit hy·po·na·trae·mic -mik adj
* * *hy·po·na·tre·mia (hi″po-nə-treґme-ə) [hypo- + L. natrium sodium + -emia] deficiency of sodium in the blood.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Hyponatremia — Infobox Disease Name = Hyponatremia Caption = Sodium DiseasesDB = 6483 ICD10 = ICD10|E|87|1|e|70 ICD9 = ICD9|276.1 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 275 eMedicine mult = eMedicine2|med|1130 eMedicine2|ped|1124… … Wikipedia
hyponatremia — hy·po·na·tre·mi·a (hī pō nə trēʹmē ə) n. A deficiency of sodium in the blood. [hypo + New Latin natrium, sodium; see hypernatremia + emia.] * * * … Universalium
hyponatremia — noun An abnormally low concentration of sodium (or salt) in blood plasma. Ant: hypernatremia … Wiktionary
hyponatremia — n. low level of sodium in the blood (Medicine) … English contemporary dictionary
hyponatremia — hy·po·na·tre·mia … English syllables
hyponatremia — noun abnormally low level of sodium in the blood; associated with dehydration • Ant: ↑hypernatremia • Hypernyms: ↑symptom * * * ˌ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷+nəˈtrēmēə noun ( s) Etymology: New Latin … Useful english dictionary
depletional hyponatremia — euvolemic h … Medical dictionary
dilutional hyponatremia — low plasma concentration of sodium resulting from loss of sodium from the body with nonosmotic retention of water, such as that induced by vasopressin; there may also be hypovolemia … Medical dictionary
euvolemic hyponatremia — low plasma concentration of sodium associated with low total body sodium and normal blood volume; called also depletional h … Medical dictionary
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone — Infobox Disease Name = Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone | Caption = DiseasesDB = 12050 ICD10 = ICD10|E|22|2|e|20 ICD9 = ICD9|253.6 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 003702 eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 784 eMedicine mult =… … Wikipedia