Hydrops fetalis

Gross edema (swelling), usually with anemia, of the fetus. It can be due to Rh blood group incompatibility, in which antibodies crossing the placenta from the mother destroy the red blood cells of the fetus. It can also be caused by a lethal form of the genetic disorder thalassemia, alpha thalassemia, in which alpha-chain polypeptides needed to make fetal or adult hemoglobin are not produced. See also Rh incompatibility; thalassemia, alpha.

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hydrops fe·tal·is or Brit hydrops foe·tal·is -fē-'tal-əs n serious and extensive edema of the fetus (as in erythroblastosis fetalis)

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severe oedema that develops before birth. The excess fluid collects in the body cavities, particularly in the peritoneal cavity (see ascites) and the pleural cavity. There are several causes for this, but the most common is severe anaemia associated with haemolytic disease of the newborn. It can occur with a twin-to-twin transfusion. Other causes are congenital heart disease, kidney disease, and lung disease. Treatment can be undertaken before birth with intrauterine blood transfusions to the fetus; without treatment the mortality is high. Antenatal ultrasound scanning enables early recognition of hydrops fetalis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hydrops fetalis — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Hydrops fetalis not due to haemolytic disease/isoimmunization ICD10 = ICD10|P|83|2|p|80 ICD9 = ICD9|778.0 Hydrops fetalis is a condition in the fetus characterized by an accumulation of fluid, or edema, in at least… …   Wikipedia

  • Hydrops fetalis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 P56 Hydrops fetalis durch hämolytische Krankheit P83.2 Hydrops fetalis, nicht durch hämolytische Krankheit bedingt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hydrops fetalis — the accumulation of fluid in fetal tissues or body cavities. This may take the form of a cystic hygroma. In its most severe form, excessive fluid collects in the peritoneal cavity (see ascites), the pleural and pericardial cavities, and the soft… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • hydrops fetalis — noun see hydrops 3 …   Useful english dictionary

  • hydrops fetalis immune — hydrops fetalis caused by maternal sensitization to a fetal blood group antigen; see erythroblastosis fetalis …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrops fetalis nonimmune — hydrops fetalis caused by any of a variety of nonimmunologic disorders, particularly cardiac defects …   Medical dictionary

  • Водянка Плода (Hydrops Fetalis) — появление на свет ребенка с выраженными отеками: жидкость скапливается во всех полостях его тела, особенно в брюшной и плевральной полостях (см. Асцит}. Часто в этом случае спасти жизнь ребенка не удается. Существует множество причин развития у… …   Медицинские термины

  • Hydrops — may refer to:Medicine* In general, hydrops (PronEng|ˈhаɪˌdrɒps) (HI drops) is another name for edema. ** Endolymphatic hydrops is Ménière s disease. ** Hydrops fetalis is edema in a fetus.Zoology* Hydrops , a monotypic snake genus with the only… …   Wikipedia

  • fetalis — see ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS, HYDROPS FETALIS …   Medical dictionary

  • hydrops — An excessive accumulation of clear, watery fluid in any of the tissues or cavities of the body; synonymous, according to its character and location, with ascites, anasarca, edema, etc. [G. h.] endolymphatic h. SYN: Ménière disease. fetal h., h.… …   Medical dictionary

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