prostanoic acid

The 20-carbon acid that is the skeleton of the prostaglandins, with various hydroxyl and keto substitutions at positions 9, 11, and 15, and double bonds in the long aliphatic chains.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prostanoic acid — noun a C fatty acid, containing a cyclopentane ring, that is the basis of the prostaglandins …   Wiktionary

  • Essential fatty acid interactions — For introductory details to this topic, including terminology and ω 3 / ω 6 nomenclature, see the main articles at Essential fatty acid and Eicosanoid. The actions of the ω 3 (Omega 3) and ω 6 (Omega 6) essential fatty acids (EFAs) are best… …   Wikipedia

  • Prostaglandin — A variety of hormone like substances that participate in a wide range of body functions such as the contraction and relaxation of smooth muscle, the dilation and constriction of blood vessels, control of blood pressure, modulation of inflammation …   Medical dictionary

  • prostaglandin — noun /pɹɒstəˈɡlændɪn/ Any of a group of naturally occurring lipids derived from the C acid prostanoic acid; they have a number of physiological functions and may be considered to be hormones. This enzyme generates an inflammatory mediator known… …   Wiktionary

  • thromboxane — The formal parent of the thromboxanes; prostanoic acid in which the –COOH has been reduced to –CH3 and an oxygen atom has been inserted between carbons 11 and 12. * * * throm·box·ane thräm bäk .sān n any of several substances that are produced… …   Medical dictionary

  • prostanoid — pros·ta·noid (prosґtə noid) any of a group of complex fatty acids derived from arachidonic acid, being 20 carbons in length with an internal five or six carbon ring; examples are the prostaglandins, prostanoic acid, and the thromboxanes …   Medical dictionary

  • prostanoids — Derivatives of prostanoic acid; e.g., prostaglandins, thromboxanes, etc …   Medical dictionary

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