- Phlegm (water) Blood Gall (black bile thought to be secreted by the kidneys and spleen) Choler (yellow bile secreted by the liver) The humoral theory (also called humorism) was devised well before Hippocrates (c.460-c.375 BC). It was not definitively demolished until Rudolf Virchow published his formative book, Cellularpathologie, in 1858 that laid out the cellular basis of pathology. Pathology now rests on a cellular and molecular foundation. The humors have been dispelled, except for the aqueous humor (and its ilk).
* * *hu·mor·al·ism (huґmər-əl-iz″əm) the ancient theory that health and illness result from a balance or imbalance of bodily liquids (â€œhumorsâ€). The theory is especially associated with Hippocratic writers, but it long antedates Hippocrates. The four humors and associated qualities are phlegm (cold and moist), blood (hot and moist), black bile or gall (secreted from the kidneys and spleen, cold and dry), and yellow bile or choler (secreted from the liver, hot and dry). Elements of humoralism may be seen in traditional systems such as curanderismo.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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Humoralism — Hu mor*al*ism, n. 1. (Med.) The state or quality of being humoral. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) The doctrine that diseases proceed from the humors; humorism. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
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humoralism, humorism — SYN: humoral doctrine. [L. umor, humor, moisture] … Medical dictionary
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Humoralist — Hu mor*al*ist, n. One who favors the humoral pathology or believes in humoralism. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
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