- * * *A widely distributed infectious disease caused by Histoplasma capsulatum and occurring occasionally in outbreaks; usually acquired by inhalation of spores of the fungus in soil dust and manifested by a self-limited pneumonia. In patients with emphysema, infection may be chronic and cause pulmonary fibrocavitary disease resembling tuberculosis; in immunosuppressed patients and, rarely, in normals, h. may cause disseminated disease of the reticuloendothelial system, which is manifested by fever, emaciation, splenomegaly, and leukopenia. SYN: Darling disease.- acute h. caused by inhalation of microconidia, resulting in illness ranging from flulike to the acute diffuse pneumonitis seen with heavy exposure. Often, following illness, lesions heal, leaving calcified nodules.- African h. a form of h. caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum var. duboisii, observed only in tropical Africa; infection is manifest as chronic granulomatous lesions in bone, skin, and other organs.- chronic h. disease usually seen in patients with underlying abnormal lung parenchyma, particularly emphysema and bullous lung disease. The disease is indolent, characterized by cough and sputum production, and radiographically by gradual loss of lung volume.- chronic mediastinal h. mediastinal fibrosis caused by lymph node involvement by h.. Can cause a huge fibrotic mass involving many critical structures in the mediastinum.- disseminated h. widespread infection that involves many organs; occurs in infants and immunocompromised patients, such as those with AIDS.- presumed ocular h. subretinal neovascularization in the macular region associated with chorioretinal atrophy and pigment proliferation adjacent to the optic disk, and peripheral chorioretinal atrophy (“histo-spots”).
* * *his·to·plas·mo·sis -.plaz-'mō-səs n, pl -mo·ses -.sēz a respiratory disease with symptoms like those of influenza that is endemic in the Mississippi and Ohio river valleys of the U.S., is caused by infection with a fungus of the genus Histoplasma (H. capsulatum), and is marked by benign involvement of lymph nodes of the trachea and bronchi usu. without symptoms or by severe progressive generalized involvement of the lymph nodes and macrophage-rich tissues (as of the liver and spleen) with fever, anemia, leukopenia and often with local lesions (as of the skin, mouth, or throat)
* * *n.an infection caused by inhaling spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. The primary pulmonary form usually produces no symptoms or harmful effects and is recognized retrospectively by X-rays and positive histoplasmin skin testing. Occasionally, progressive histoplasmosis, which resembles tuberculosis, develops. The fungus may spread via the bloodstream to attack other organs, such as the liver, spleen, lymph nodes, or intestine. Symptomatic disease is treated with intravenous amphotericin. The spores are found in soil contaminated by faeces, especially from chickens and bats. The disease is endemic in the northern and central USA, Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, and parts of Africa.
* * *his·to·plas·mo·sis (his″to-plaz-moґsis) infection resulting from inhalation, or sometimes ingestion, of spores of Histoplasma capsulatum. It is usually asymptomatic, but in a few cases it may cause acute pneumonia, disseminated reticuloendothelial hyperplasia with hepatosplenomegaly and anemia, or an influenzalike illness with joint effusion and erythema nodosum. Reactivated infection, such as in immunocompromised patients, involves the lungs, meninges, heart, peritoneum, and adrenals, in that order of frequency. Called also Darling disease.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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histoplasmosis — /his toh plaz moh sis/, n. Pathol. an infectious disease of the reticuloendothelial system, caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum and characterized by fever, anemia, and emaciation. [1940 45; < NL, equiv. to Histoplasm(a) name of the genus… … Universalium
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histoplasmosis — n. an infection caused by inhaling spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. The primary pulmonary form usually produces no symptoms or harmful effects and is recognized retrospectively by X rays and positive histoplasmin skin testing.… … The new mediacal dictionary
histoplasmosis — noun Etymology: New Latin, from Histoplasma, genus of fungi Date: 1907 a respiratory disease with symptoms like those of influenza that is caused by a fungus (Histoplasma capsulatum) and is marked by benign involvement of lymph nodes of the… … New Collegiate Dictionary
histoplasmosis — (his to plaz mo sis) A systemic fungal infection caused by Histoplasma capsulatum var capsulatum … Dictionary of microbiology
histoplasmosis — noun A lung disease caused by a fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum, often asymptomatic otherwise with symptoms similar to those of flu … Wiktionary