- chest) cavity from the abdomen. Normally, the esophagus passes down through the chest, crosses the diaphragm, enters the abdomen through a hole in the diaphragm called the esophageal hiatus and joins the stomach just below the diaphragm. When there is a hiatal hernia, the opening of the esophageal hiatus is larger than normal and a part of the stomach slips up or passes (herniates) through the hiatus and into the chest. This type of hernia can be congenital (present at birth). More often it may be acquired (develop) over the years. Symptoms usually start with a tingling or burning sensation, although patients may be able to see a bulge where the hernia is located. If extreme pain is present, emergency surgery may be needed. Treatment is via conventional or laproscopic (minimally invasive) surgery. "Hiatus" in Latin means "an opening, gaping mouth, or chasm" which came from the verb "hiare" meaning "to gape or yawn." Therefore, a "hiatus" is a gaping opening in something, such as the opening of a cave in a cliff or a major interruption (hole) in a conversation. In this case, hiatus (or hiatal) refers to the opening in the diaphragm.
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Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Hiatus hernia — Ventricular hernia Classification and external resources ICD 10 K44, Q40.1 … Wikipedia
hiatus hernia — noun hernia resulting from the protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm • Syn: ↑hiatal hernia, ↑diaphragmatic hernia • Hypernyms: ↑hernia, ↑herniation * * * hiˌatus ˈhernia 7 [hiatus hernia] … Useful english dictionary
hiatus hernia — noun see hiatal hernia … New Collegiate Dictionary
hiatus hernia — Pathol. an abnormal condition in which part of the stomach protrudes upward through the esophageal cleft in the diaphragm, sometimes causing a backflow of acid stomach contents into the esophagus. Also, hiatal hernia. * * * … Universalium
hiatus hernia — (also hiatal hernia) noun Medicine the protrusion of an organ (usually the stomach) through the oesophageal opening in the diaphragm … English new terms dictionary
hiatus hernia — see hernia … The new mediacal dictionary
hiatus hernia — /haɪˌeɪtəs ˈhɜniə/ (say huy.aytuhs herneeuh) noun herniation of a part of the stomach through the oesophageal hiatus, often causing heartburn … Australian English dictionary
hiatus hernia — hia′tus (or hia′tal) her′nia n. pat protrusion of part of the stomach through the esophageal cleft of the diaphragm … From formal English to slang
hiatus hernia — An upwards protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm wall. It is particularly common in women in their fourth and fifth decades … Herbal-medical glossary
Грыжа Пищеводного Отверстия Диафрагмы (Hiatus Hernia) — см. Грыжа. Источник: Медицинский словарь … Медицинские термины