pilocarpine

An alkaloid obtained from the leaves of Pilocarpus; Microphyllus or P. jaborandi (family Rutaceae), shrubs of the West Indies and tropical America; a parasympathomimetic agent used as a diaphoretic, sialogogue, and stimulant of intestinal motility, and externally as a miotic and in the treatment of glaucoma; used as the hydrochloride and the nitrate salts. [G. pilos, a felt hat, + karpos, fruit]

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pi·lo·car·pine .pī-lə-'kär-.pēn n a miotic muscarinic alkaloid that is obtained from jaborandi and is used chiefly in the form of its hydrochloride C11H16N2O2·HCl or nitrate C11H16N2O2·HNO3 esp. in the treatment of glaucoma and xerostomia

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n.
a parasympathomimetic drug used to constrict the pupil of the eye (see miotic) and to reduce the pressure inside the eye in glaucoma. It is administered as eye drops and may cause digestive upsets and salivation if absorbed into the system. Trade name: Minims Pilocarpine.

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pi·lo·car·pine (pi″lo-kahrґpēn) [USP] a cholinomimetic alkaloid obtained from leaves of plants of the genus Pilocarpus, having predominantly muscarinic effects. When applied to the eye, it produces miosis and a transient rise and persistent fall in intraocular pressure; used in the treatment of glaucoma.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • pilocarpine — [pī΄lō kär′pēn΄, pī΄lō kär′pin; pil΄ō kär′pēn΄, pil΄ōkär′pin] n. [< ModL Pilocarpus, genus name (< Gr pilos, felt + karpos, fruit: see PILE2 & CARPO ) + INE3] an alkaloid, C11H16N2O2, extracted from the leaves of the jaborandi plant and… …   English World dictionary

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  • pilocarpine — n. a parasympathomimetic drug administered as eye drops or gel to reduce the pressure inside the eye in glaucoma (see miotic). It is also administered orally to treat dry mouth; side effects may include headache, frequent urination, and sweating …   The new mediacal dictionary

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  • pilocarpine — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from New Latin Pilocarpus jaborandi, species of tropical shrubs Date: 1875 a miotic alkaloid C11H16N2O2 obtained from jaborandi that is used chiefly in the form of its hydrochloride or nitrate… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • pilocarpine — Alkaloid with muscarinic cholinomimetic activity isolated from Pilocarpus jaborandi …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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