- The transaminated product of the action of phenylalanine aminotransferase; elevated in the urine in individuals with phenylketonuria.
* * *phe·nyl·py·ru·vic acid -pī-.rü-vik- n a crystalline keto acid C9H8O3 found in the urine as a metabolic product of phenylalanine esp. in phenylketonuria
* * *phen·yl·py·ru·vic ac·id (fen″əl-pi-rooґvik) a metabolite of phenylalanine, excessively formed and excreted in phenylketonuria because the major pathway of phenylalanine catabolism, via hydroxylation, is blocked.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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phenylpyruvic acid — | ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷+ noun Etymology: phenyl + pyruvic : a crystalline keto acid C6H5CH2COCOOH found in the urine as a metabolic product of phenylalanine especially in phenylketonuria … Useful english dictionary
phenylpyruvic oligophrenia — I. noun see phenylketonuria II. noun see phenylpyruvic amentia * * * /fen l puy rooh vik, pi , feen /, Pathol. phenylketonuria. [PHENYL + PYRUVIC (ACID)] … Useful english dictionary
phenylpyruvic oligophrenia — /fen l puy rooh vik, pi , feen /, Pathol. phenylketonuria. [PHENYL + PYRUVIC (ACID)] * * * … Universalium
phenyllactic acid — A product of phenylalanine catabolism, appearing prominently in the urine in individuals with phenylketonuria. * * * phen·yl·lac·tic ac·id (fen″əl lakґtik) a product of phenylalanine catabolism produced by reduction of phenylpyruvic… … Medical dictionary
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phenylketonuria — Autosomal recessively inherited inborn error of metabolism of phenylalanine characterized by deficiency of 1) phenylalanine hydroxylase [MIM*261600] caused by mutation in the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene ( … Medical dictionary
phenylalanine — 2 Amino 3 phenylpropionic acid; the l isomer is one of the common amino acid s in proteins; a nutritionally essential amino acid. p. ammonia lyase a nonmammalian enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of l p. to trans cinnamate and ammonia; it has… … Medical dictionary
renal system — ▪ anatomy Introduction in humans (human body), organ system that includes the kidneys, where urine is produced, and the ureters, bladder, and urethra for the passage, storage, and voiding of urine. In many respects the human excretory, or… … Universalium
genetic disease, human — Introduction any of the diseases and disorders that are caused by mutations in one or more genes (gene). With the increasing ability to control infectious and nutritional diseases in developed countries, there has come the realization … Universalium
Phenylketonuria — (PKU) In 1934, Norwegian biochemist Ivor Asbjorn Folling (1888–1973) discovered, in research published in Hoppe Seyler’s Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie, that a cause of mental retardation one of the so called inborn errors of… … Historical dictionary of Psychiatry