paraplegia

Paralysis of both lower extremities and, generally, the lower trunk. [para- + plege, a stroke]
- ataxic p. progressive ataxia and paresis of the leg muscles due to sclerosis of the lateral and posterior funiculi of the spinal cord.
- congenital spastic p. a spastic paralysis of the lower extremities occurring in the infant. SYN: infantile spastic p..
- p. dolorosa paralysis of the lower extremities in which the affected parts, in spite of loss of motion and sensation, are the seat of excruciating pain; occurs in certain cases of cancer of the spinal cord. SYN: painful p..
- p. in extension paralysis of the legs, maintained in an extended position by hypertonic extensor muscles.
- p. in flexion the fixation of the paralyzed legs in a flexed posture; usually in transection of the spinal cord.
- painful p. SYN: p. dolorosa.
- Pott p. paralysis of the lower part of the body and the extremities, due to pressure on the spinal cord as the result of tuberculous spondylitis. SYN: Pott paralysis.
- spastic p. paresis of the lower extremities with increased muscle tone and spasmodic contraction of the muscles. SYN: Erb-Charcot disease (2).
- superior p. paralysis of both arms.

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para·ple·gia .par-ə-'plē-j(ē-)ə n paralysis of the lower half of the body with involvement of both legs usu. due to disease of or injury to the spinal cord

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n.
paralysis of both legs, usually due to disease or injury of the spinal cord. It is often accompanied by loss of sensation below the level of the injury and disturbed bladder function.
paraplegic adj. n.

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para·ple·gia (par″ə-pleґjə) [para- + -plegia] paralysis of the lower limbs and lower trunk.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paraplegia — Par a*ple gi*a, Paraplegy Par a*ple gy, n. [NL. paraplegia, fr. Gr. ? hemiplegia, fr. ? to strike at the side; para beside + ? to strike: cf. F. parapl[ e]gie.] (Med.) Palsy of the lower half of the body on both sides, caused usually by disease… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • paraplegia — /paraple dʒia/ s.f. [dal gr. paraplēgía, comp. di para para 2 e plēgía plegia ]. (med.) [perdita della capacità di muovere gli arti inferiori] ▶◀ ‖ paresi. ⇑ paralisi …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • paraplegia — [par΄ə plē′jē ə, par΄ə plē′jə] n. [ModL < Gr paraplēgia, a stroke at one side: see PARA 1 & PLEGIA] motor and sensory paralysis of the entire lower half of the body paraplegic [par΄əplē′jik, par΄əplej′ik] adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • paraplegia — (n.) paralysis of the lower half of the body, 1650s, coined in Modern Latin from Ionic Gk. paraplegie paralysis of one side of the body, from paraplessein strike at the side, paraplessesthai be stricken on one side, from para beside (see PARA (Cf …   Etymology dictionary

  • paraplegia — s. f. [Medicina] Paralisia dos dois membros inferiores do corpo, geralmente acompanhada de paralisia do abdômen, bexiga e reto.   ‣ Etimologia: para + plegia …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • paraplegia — ► NOUN ▪ paralysis of the legs and lower body. DERIVATIVES paraplegic adjective & noun. ORIGIN Greek, from parapl ssein strike at the side …   English terms dictionary

  • Paraplegia — Infobox Disease Name = Paraplegia Caption = DiseasesDB = ICD10 = ICD9 = ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D010264 Paraplegia is an impairment in motor and/or sensory function of the lower extremities. It is… …   Wikipedia

  • paraplegia — paraplegic /par euh plee jik, plej ik/, adj., n. /par euh plee jee euh, jeuh/, n. Pathol. paralysis of both lower limbs due to spinal disease or injury. [1650 60; < NL < Gk paraplegía. See PARA 1, PLEGIA] * * * ▪ pathology        paralysis of the …   Universalium

  • paraplegia — [[t]pæ̱rəpli͟ːʤə[/t]] N UNCOUNT Paraplegia is the condition of being unable to move the lower half of your body. [MEDICAL] …   English dictionary

  • paraplegia — [ˌparə pli:dʒə] noun paralysis of the legs and lower body, typically caused by spinal injury or disease. Compare with monoplegia. Derivatives paraplegic adjective &noun Origin C17: mod. L., from Gk paraplēgia, from paraplēssein strike at the side …   English new terms dictionary

  • paraplegia — par•a•ple•gi•a [[t]ˌpær əˈpli dʒi ə, dʒə[/t]] n. pat paralysis of both lower limbs due to spinal disease or injury • Etymology: 1650–60; < NL < Gk paraplēgía. See para I, plegia par a•ple′gic ˈpli dʒɪk, ˈplɛdʒ ɪk adj. n …   From formal English to slang

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