An herb that has been used to stimulate the adrenal gland and thereby increase energy. It also may have some beneficial effect on reducing blood sugar in patients with diabetes mellitus. Ginseng can cause elevation in blood pressure, headache, vomiting, insomnia, and nose bleeding. Ginseng can also cause falsely abnormal blood tests for digoxin level in persons taking the drug for heart disease. It is unclear whether ginseng may affect female hormones. Its use in pregnancy is not recommended. Ginseng may affect the action of the normal blood clotting element (platelets). It should be avoided in patients taking aspirin, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (such as ibuprofen/Advil, Motrin or naproxen/Aleve), or medications to prevent blood clotting (anticoagulants) such as warfarin/Coumadin. Ginseng may also cause headaches, tremors, nervousness, and sleeplessness. It should be avoided in persons with manic disorder and psychosis.
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The roots of several species of Panax (family Araliaceae), esteemed as of great medicinal virtue by the Chinese, used extensively as a “nutriceutical”; alleged to improve mental and physical functions. [Ch.]

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gin·seng 'jin-.seŋ, -.saŋ, -(.)siŋ n
1) the aromatic root of a ginseng that is highly valued as a medicine in China though of value chiefly as a demulcent
2 a) a Chinese perennial herb (Panax schinseng of the family Araliaceae, the ginseng family) having 5-foliolate leaves, scarlet berries, and an aromatic root valued esp. locally as a medicine
b) any of several plants (esp. genus Panax) related to or used as substitutes for the Chinese ginseng esp a No. American woodland herb (P. quinquefolius)

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gin·seng (jinґseng) [Chinese jin-tsan life of man] 1. any herb of the genus Panax, especially P. ginseng (Chinese ginseng) and P. quinquefolius (American ginseng). 2. the root of Chinese or American ginseng, used as a tonic and stimulant in fatigue and during convalescence.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ginseng — [ ʒinsɛŋ ] n. m. • 1663; jin seng 1844; du chin. jên shên « plante homme » ♦ Plante herbacée d Asie non tropicale (araliacées), dont la racine, qui peut atteindre un mètre, contient des stéroïdes. Le ginseng est une panacée millénaire des Chinois …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ginseng — GINSÉNG s.m. Plantă din familia araliaceelor originară din China, folosită pentru proprietăţile ei terapeutice deosebite; rădăcina vieţii (Panax). – Din fr., engl. ginseng. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  GINSÉNG s. (bot.; Panax)… …   Dicționar Român

  • ginseng — m. nutric. Tónico estimulante y reconstituyente utilizado desde la antigüedad en la cultura oriental que se extrae de la raíz de la planta homónima. Como estimulante natural aumenta el potencial nervioso, la energía física y la actividad sexual.… …   Diccionario médico

  • Ginseng — (Radix Ginseng, spr. Schinseng), 1) die Wurzel von der echten Kraftwurz, Panax Pseudoginseng Wallich, Pan. Schin seng E. v. E.), in der Tartarei, in China, Japan u. Nepaul, aus der Familie der Araliaceae. Die Wurzel ist von bitterlich scharfem,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ginseng — Ginseng, Schinseng, die Wurzel einer wildwachsenden Doldenpflanze in Hochasien (Panase Ginseng), gilt bei den Chinesen als Universalheilmittel, bei den Europäern sehr wenig. Die Nordamerikaner führen G. nach China aus, von dem Panax Ginguifolius …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ginseng — (izg. žȅnšēn) m DEFINICIJA bot. 1. korijen istočnoazijske biljke (Panax ginseng); u suvremenoj farmakologiji koristi se za jačanje imuniteta 2. napitak od te biljke koji se prodaje zajedno s korijenom; panaks ETIMOLOGIJA kin. ren shen ← ren:… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • ginseng — (del coreano; pronunciamos yinsen ) sustantivo masculino 1. Planta herbácea cuyas raíces tienen propiedades terapéuticas y estimulantes: El té de gingseng es la bebida oficial de los astronautas rusos. 2. (no contable) Sustancia obtenida de la… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • ginseng — [jin′seŋ΄] adj. [Chin jēn shēn < jēn, man (from the shape of the root) + shēn, the constellation Orion] designating a family (Araliaceae, order Apiales) of dicotyledonous plants, shrubs, and trees, usually having flat clusters of small, white… …   English World dictionary

  • Ginseng — Gin seng, n. [Chinese.] (Bot.) A plant of the genus {Aralia}, the root of which is highly valued as a medicine among the Chinese. The Chinese plant ({Aralia Schinseng}) has become so rare that the American ({A. quinquefolia}) has largely taken… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ginseng — (spr. dschin ), Wurzel, s. Panax …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • GINSENG — celebratissima toto Impetio Sinico radix, nomen a figura habet, hominis viz. crura divaricantis, unde mandragoram nostratem credas, nisi quod eâ multo minor sit: Iaponensibus Nisi vocatur. Siccata flaverscit, fibras seu capillos, quibus alimentum …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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