Gilbert syndrome

A common but harmless genetic condition in which a liver enzyme essential to the disposal of bilirubin (the chemical that results from the normal breakdown of hemoglobin from red blood cells) is abnormal. This enzyme abnormality results in mild elevations of bilirubin pigment in the blood and the elevated bilirubin pigment can sometimes cause mild yellowing (jaundice) of the eyes. People with Gilbert syndrome are otherwise entirely normal with no other signs or symptoms and their liver enzymes in blood serum are also entirely normal. Gilbert syndrome is an autosomal dominant trait. If someone has Gilbert syndrome, the chance of their transmitting the Gilbert gene to each of their children is one-half (50%) and each child who gets the gene gets Gilbert syndrome. There is no need for treatment in Gilbert's syndrome, and the prognosis (outlook) is excellent. Gilbert's syndrome is a frequent finding in people in North America and Europe. The condition is usually detected serendipitously (purely by accident) in the course of routine blood screening. Gilbert's syndrome is thus an accidentally-encountered enzyme abnormality of no health consequence.

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an inborn error of bilirubin metabolism, probably autosomal dominant, characterized by a benign elevation of unconjugated bilirubin without liver damage or hematologic abnormalities. Called also familial or Gilbert cholemia, hyperbilirubinemia I, constitutional hyperbilirubinemia, and familial nonhemolytic jaundice.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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