nutrient

A constituent of food necessary for normal physiologic function. [L. nutriens, fr. nutrio, to nourish]
- essential nutrients nutritional substances required for optimal health. These must be in the diet, because they are not formed metabolically within the body.

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nu·tri·ent 'n(y)ü-trē-ənt adj furnishing nourishment
nutrient n a nutritive substance or ingredient

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n.
a substance that must be consumed as part of the diet to provide a source of energy, material for growth, or substances that regulate growth or energy production. Nutrients include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, and vitamins. See also essential amino acid, essential fatty acid, trace element.

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nu·tri·ent (nooґtre-ənt) [L. nutriens] 1. nourishing; providing nutrition. 2. a food or other substance that provides energy or building material for the survival and growth of a living organism; called also nutriment.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nutrient — cycle in the oceans A nutrient is a chemical that an organism needs to live and grow or a substance used in an organism s metabolism which must be taken in from its environment.[1] They are used to build and repair tissues, regulate body… …   Wikipedia

  • Nutrient — Nu tri*ent, n. n. 1. Any substance which has nutritious qualities, i. e., which nourishes or promotes growth; a nutriment. [1913 Webster] 2. Specifically: (Microbiology) A substance added to the growth medium of a microorganism to promote growth …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nutrient — Nu tri*ent, a. [L. nutriens, p. pr. of nutrire. See {Nourish}.] Nutritious; nourishing; promoting growth. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • nutrient — (n.) a nutritious substance, 1828, noun use of adjective (1640s) meaning providing nourishment, from L. nutrientem (nom. nutriens), prp. of nutrire to nourish, suckle, feed, foster (see NOURISH (Cf. nourish)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • nutrient — [n] source of nourishment fiber, food, health food, mineral, nutriment, supplements, vitamin; concept 457 …   New thesaurus

  • nutrient — ► NOUN ▪ a substance that provides nourishment essential for life and growth. ORIGIN from Latin nutrire nourish …   English terms dictionary

  • nutrient — [no͞o′trē ənt, nyo͞o′trē ənt] adj. [L nutriens, prp. of nutrire, to nourish: see NURSE] nutritious; nourishing n. a nutritious ingredient or substance in a food …   English World dictionary

  • nutrient — /nooh tree euhnt, nyooh /, adj. 1. nourishing; providing nourishment or nutriment. 2. containing or conveying nutriment, as solutions or vessels of the body. n. 3. a nutrient substance. [1640 50; < L nutrient (s. of nutriens), prp. of nutrire to… …   Universalium

  • nutrient — noun Nutrient is used before these nouns: ↑deficiency, ↑intake Nutrient is used after these nouns: ↑manure …   Collocations dictionary

  • nutrient — UK [ˈnjuːtrɪənt] / US [ˈnutrɪənt] noun [countable] Word forms nutrient : singular nutrient plural nutrients biology a substance in food that plants, animals, and people need to live and grow …   English dictionary

  • nutrient — nu•tri•ent [[t]ˈnu tri ənt, ˈnyu [/t]] adj. 1) nut nourishing; providing nourishment or nutriment 2) nut containing or conveying nutriment, as solutions or vessels of the body 3) a nutrient substance • Etymology: 1640–50; < L nūtrient (s. of… …   From formal English to slang

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