Genome, human

All of the genetic information, the entire genetic complement, all of the DNA in a person. Humanity’s DNA has been called "the treasury of human inheritance." The human genome is made up of all of the DNA in our chromosomes as well as that in our mitochondria. (Each of us has, in fact, two genomes — a large chromosomal genome and a much smaller mitochondrial genome.) Our genome also includes every gene we own plus all of our junk DNA The human genome is thus both "the treasury of human inheritance" and a vast dump (or recycling center).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Genome size — refers to the total amount of DNA contained within one copy of a genome. It is typically measured in terms of mass (in picograms, or trillionths [10^ 12] of a gram [abbreviated pg] , or less frequently in Daltons) or as the total number of… …   Wikipedia

  • human papillomavirus — [pap΄i lō′mə vī΄rəs] n. any of a group of papillomaviruses causing cutaneous warts and lesions of the oral, anal, and genital mucous membranes in human beings * * * ▪ pathology Introduction       any of a subgroup of viruses (virus) belonging to… …   Universalium

  • Human evolutionary genetics — studies how one human genome differs from the other, the evolutionary past that gave rise to it, and its current effects. Differences between genomes have anthropological, medical and forensic implications and applications. Genetic data can… …   Wikipedia

  • Genome project — Genome projects are scientific endeavours that ultimately aim to determine the complete genome sequence of an organism (be it an animal, a plant, a fungus, a bacterium, an archaean, a protist or a virus) and to annotate protein coding genes and… …   Wikipedia

  • Human genetic variation — is the natural variation in gene frequencies observed between the genomes of individuals or groups of humans. Variation can be measured at both the individual level (differences between individual people) and at the population level, i.e.… …   Wikipedia

  • Human genetics — describes the study of inheritance as it occurs in human beings. Human genetics encompasses a variety of overlapping fields including: classical genetics, cytogenetics, molecular genetics, biochemical genetics, genomics, population genetics,… …   Wikipedia

  • Human mitochondrial genetics — is the study of the genetics of the DNA contained in human mitochondria. Mitochondria are small structures in cells that generate energy for the cell to use, and are hence referred to as the powerhouses of the cell. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is… …   Wikipedia

  • Genome (disambiguation) — Genome may refer to:*Genome the totality of genetic material carried by an organism **Human genome **Mitochondrial genome * Genome (book) a 1999 popular science book by Matt Ridley * Genome (journal) the scientific journal of the Genetics Society …   Wikipedia

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  • Human Genome Project, the — Human Genome ,Project, the a plan to discover and record everything that can be known about human DNA (=genetic material) by examining the order and structure of genes …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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