- * * *1. The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biologic inheritance. 2. The genetic features and constitution of any single organism or set of organisms. [G. genesis, origin or production]- behavioral g. the study of heritable factors in behavioral patterns, as by pedigree analysis, biochemical abnormality, or karyotypic analysis.- biochemical g. the study of g. in terms of the chemical (biochemical) events involved, as in the manner in which DNA molecules replicate and control the synthesis of specific enzymes by the genetic code.- classical g. that body of method and analysis that perceives g. as the study of the transmission of genotype from parent to offspring; the study of multiple individuals is essential to it.- clinical g. g. applied to the diagnosis, prognosis, management, and prevention of genetic diseases. Cf.:medical g..- epidemiologic g. the study of g. as a phenomenon of defined populations by the criteria, methods, and objectives of epidemiology rather than of population g..- galtonian g. the study of traits by analysis of the first two moments of metrical data; the preferred method for analysis of traits following the multivariate gaussian distribution.- Galtonian-Fisher g. the g. of measurable traits determined by multiple loci which make contributions that are independent, additive, and approximately equal. SYN: multilocal g..- mathematical g. the study of genetic traits by formal analysis, e.g., quantitative g., population dynamics, genetic epidemiology, modeling.- medical g. the study of the etiology, pathogenesis, and natural history of human diseases which are at least partially genetic in origin. Cf.:clinical g., human g..- mendelian g. the study of the pattern of segregation of phenotypes under the control of genetic loci taken one at a time.- modern g. that body of method and analysis that perceives g. as the study of the economy of nucleic acid s and associated compounds.- population g. the study of genetic influences on the components of cause and effect in the somatic characteristics of populations.- quantitative g. the formal study of measurable genetic traits, traditionally but not necessarily confined to galtonian g..- reverse g. term referring to tracing of a gene responsible for a disease by learning its position in the human genome. This approach makes no claim of providing information about the gene product. SYN: positional cloning.- somatic cell g. the study of the structure, organization, and function of a genome by the techniques of cell hybridization.
* * *ge·net·ics jə-'net-iks n pl but sing in constr1 a) a branch of biology that deals with the heredity and variation of organismsb) a treatise or textbook on genetics2) the genetic makeup and phenomena of an organism, type, group, or condition
* * *n.the science of inheritance. It attempts to explain the differences and similarities between related organisms and the ways in which characters are passed from parents to their offspring. Human and medical genetics are concerned with the study of inherited diseases. See also cytogenetics, Mendel's laws.
* * *ge·net·ics (jə-netґiks) [Gr. gennan to produce] the study of genes and their heredity.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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genetics — genetics. См. генетика. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
Genetics — Titre abrégé Genetics Discipline Génétique Langue Anglais Directeur de publication Mark Johnston … Wikipédia en Français
Genetics — biohacker biopharming bioprivacy blooding bug cheapdate contraceptive corn crazy tobacco … New words
genetics — 1872, laws of origination; see GENETIC (Cf. genetic) + ICS (Cf. ics). A coinage of English biologist William Bateson (1861 1926). Meaning study of heredity is from 1891 … Etymology dictionary
genetics — Genetics Генетика Наука о наследственной передаче и изменчивости признаков у живых организмов … Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.
genetics — ► PLURAL NOUN 1) (treated as sing. ) the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics. 2) (treated as sing. or pl. ) the genetic properties or features of an organism. DERIVATIVES geneticist noun … English terms dictionary
genetics — [jə net′iks] n. [ GENET(IC) + ICS] 1. the branch of biology that deals with heredity and variation in similar or related animals and plants 2. the genetic features or constitution of an individual, group, or kind … English World dictionary
Genetics — This article is about the general scientific term. For the scientific journal, see Genetics (journal). Part of a series on Genetics Key components Chromosome DNA • RNA Genome … Wikipedia
genetics — /jeuh net iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. Biol. the science of heredity, dealing with resemblances and differences of related organisms resulting from the interaction of their genes and the environment. 2. the genetic properties and phenomena… … Universalium
genetics — noun a) The branch of biology that deals with the transmission and variation of inherited characteristics, in particular chromosomes and DNA. As a result of your father’s, mother’s, and their parents <! [sic] no apostrophe genetics, you are… … Wiktionary