neuritis

1. Inflammation of a nerve. 2. SYN: neuropathy. [neuri- + G. -itis, inflammation]
- adventitial n. inflammation of the sheath of a nerve. SEE ALSO: perineuritis.
- ascending n. inflammation progressing upward along a nerve trunk in a direction away from the periphery.
- axial n. SYN: parenchymatous n..
- brachial n. SYN: neuralgic amyotrophy.
- central n. SYN: parenchymatous n..
- descending n. inflammation progressing along a nerve trunk toward the periphery.
- Eichhorst n. SYN: interstitial n..
- endemic n. SYN: beriberi.
- fallopian n. SYN: facial paralysis.
- interstitial n. inflammation of the connective tissue framework of a nerve. SYN: Eichhorst n..
- intraocular n. inflammation of the retinal portion of the optic nerve.
- Leyden n. fatty degeneration of the fibers of the affected nerve.
- optic n. inflammation of the optic nerve. SEE ALSO: neuromyelitis optica, retrobulbar n., papillitis.
- parenchymatous n. inflammation of the nervous substance proper, the axons, and myelin. SYN: axial n., central n..
- retrobulbar n. optic n. without swelling of the optic disk.
- sciatic n. SYN: sciatica.
- segmental n. 1. inflammation occurring at several points along the course of a nerve; 2. segmental demyelinating neuropathy
- toxic n. n. caused by an endogenous or exogenous toxin.
- traumatic n. nerve lesion following an injury.

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neu·ri·tis n(y)u̇-'rīt-əs n, pl -rit·i·des -'rit-ə-.dēz or -ri·tis·es an inflammatory or degenerative lesion of a nerve marked esp. by pain, sensory disturbances, and impaired or lost reflexes compare NEURALGIA
neu·rit·ic -'rit-ik adj

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n.
a disease of the peripheral nerves showing the pathological changes of inflammation. The term is also used in a less precise sense as an alternative to neuropathy. See also retrobulbar neuritis.

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neu·ri·tis (n-riґtis) [neur- + -itis] inflammation of a nerve, with pain and tenderness, anesthesia and paresthesias, paralysis, wasting, and disappearance of the reflexes. See also neuropathy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • neuritis — f. neurol. Inflamación o degeneración de un nervio a causa de una infección, una toxina o una enfermedad desmielinizantes. Las neuritis suelen traducirse en parálisis y/o dolores de las zonas afectadas. Medical Dictionary. 2011. neuritis …   Diccionario médico

  • neuritis — (plural neuritis) sustantivo femenino 1. Área: medicina Inflamación degenerativa de un nervio …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Neuritis — Neu*ri tis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ney^ron nerve + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of a nerve. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Neurītis — (Nervenentzündung), wohl nur die Nervenscheide betreffend u. selten bestimmt nachweisbar, bedingt durch andere Verletzung od. durch Theilnahme an benachbarten Entzündungen, vielleicht am häufigsten durch rheumatische Krankheitsprocesse veranlaßt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Neurītis — (griech.), s. Nervenentzündung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Neuritis — Neurītis (grch.), Nervenentzündung; neuritisch, von N. herrührend …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • neuritis — (n.) inflammation of a nerve or nerves, 1825, from Gk. neuron nerve (see NEURO (Cf. neuro )) + ITIS (Cf. itis). Related: Neuritic …   Etymology dictionary

  • neuritis — neurìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. upala koja ob. zahvaća više živaca u spletu i izaziva razne osjetne i druge smetnje ETIMOLOGIJA neur + itis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • neuritis — (De neuro e itis). f. Med. Inflamación de un nervio y de sus ramificaciones, generalmente acompañada de dolor, atrofia muscular y otros fenómenos patológicos …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • neuritis — ► NOUN Medicine ▪ inflammation of a peripheral nerve or nerves …   English terms dictionary

  • neuritis — [noo rīt′əs, nyoorīt′əs] n. [ModL: see NEURO & ITIS] inflammation of a nerve or nerves, often associated with a degenerative process, and accompanied by changes in sensory and motor activity in the region of the affected nerve neuritic… …   English World dictionary

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