Gastroparesis

Gastroparesis is a medical condition in which the muscle of the stomach is paralyzed by a disease of either the stomach muscle itself or the nerves controlling the muscle. As a consequence, food and secretions do not empty normally from the stomach, and there is nausea and vomiting. Abdominal bloating and pain can result. Gastroparesis may be associated with paralysis of other parts of the gastrointestinal tract (the small intestine and colon). The most common cause of gastroparesis is diabetes mellitus. (So often is gastroparesis due to diabetes that there is a term, gastroparesis diabeticorum, that refers exclusively to it). A nuclear medicine test designed to study gastric emptying is the most common means of diagnosis of gastroparesis. Gastroparesis is treated with medications to increase the contractions of the stomach's muscle, occasionally with surgery, and experimentally with electrical pacing. The word "gastroparesis" is compounded from "gastro", pertaining to the stomach + "paresis", a loss of strength = a loss of strength
* * *
Weakness of gastric peristalsis, which results in delayed emptying of the bowels. [gastro- + G. paresis, a letting go, paralysis]
- g. diabeticorum dilation of the stomach with gastric retention in diabetics, commonly seen in association with severe acidosis or coma.

* * *

gas·tro·pa·re·sis .gas-trō-pə-'rē-səs n, pl gas·tro·pa·re·ses -.sēz partial paralysis of the stomach <diabetic \gastroparesis is characterized by a triad of postprandial symptoms: nausea, vomiting, and abdominal distension (G. F. Cahill )(et al)>

* * *

gas·tro·pa·re·sis (gas″tro-pə-reґsis) [gastro- + paresis] paralysis of the stomach, usually from damage to its nerve supply, so that food empties out much more slowly, if at all. Symptoms include early satiety, nausea, and vomiting. Called also gastroparalysis and gastroplegia.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gastroparesis — Classification and external resources ICD 10 K31.8 ICD 9 536.3 …   Wikipedia

  • gastroparesis — n. a condition in which the stomach fails to empty at an appropriate rate into the small intestine. Symptoms of bloating, nausea, early satiety, and vomiting are often intermittent in the early stages but can worsen to be a constant feature. It… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • gastroparesis — gastroparēˈsis noun A disorder, often associated with diabetes, in which paralysis of the stomach muscles delays the passage of food through the stomach • • • Main Entry: ↑gastro …   Useful english dictionary

  • diabetic gastroparesis — gastroparesis diabeticorum gastroparesis due to changes caused by diabetes mellitus, usually because of damage to the vagus nerve. Symptoms include postprandial bloating and vomiting, and often hypoglycemia because of food not moving properly… …   Medical dictionary

  • Paralysis, stomach — Formally called gastroparesis, this is a medical condition in which the muscle of the stomach is paralyzed by a disease of either the stomach muscle itself or the nerves controlling the muscle. As a consequence, food and secretions do not empty… …   Medical dictionary

  • Stomach paralysis — Formally called gastroparesis, this is a medical condition in which the muscle of the stomach is paralyzed by a disease of either the stomach muscle itself or the nerves controlling the muscle. As a consequence, food and secretions do not empty… …   Medical dictionary

  • Domperidone — For the brand of champagne or the inventor of champagne, see Dom Pérignon (disambiguation). Costi redirects here. For the Romanian village, see Vânători, Galaţi. Domperidone …   Wikipedia

  • Rumination syndrome — Classification and external resources A …   Wikipedia

  • Mitemcinal — IUPAC name (1R,2R,3S,4S,5R,8R,9R,11S) 8 ethyl 4 [(2R,4R,5S,6S …   Wikipedia

  • Metoclopramide — Systematic (IUPAC) name 4 amino 5 chloro N (2 (di …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.