1. SYN: accessory chromosome. 2. Obsolete term for ribosome. 3. A structure consisting of a single ribosome bound to a molecule of mRNA. [mono- + chromosome]

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mono·some 'män-ə-.sōm n
1) a chromosome lacking a synaptic mate esp an unpaired X chromosome
2) a single ribosome

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mono·some (monґo-sōm) [mono- + -some] 1. the chromosome lacking a homologue in monosomy. 2. a single ribosome complexed with a strand of messenger RNA (mRNA). Cf. polysome. 3. a single ribosome that has dissociated from a polysome.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • monosome — monosome. См. моносома. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • monosome — ● monosome ou monosomien nom masculin Monstre à un seul corps et à deux têtes …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • monosome — [män′ə sōm΄] n. [ MONO + SOME3] an unpaired chromosome in an otherwise diploid cell; esp., an unpaired sex chromosome monosomic adj …   English World dictionary

  • monosome — monosoma statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Neturinti poros chromosoma. atitikmenys: angl. monosome rus. моносома …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • monosome — noun Date: circa 1909 1. a chromosome lacking a synaptic mate; especially an unpaired X chromosome 2. a single ribosome …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • monosome — n. [Gr. monos, one; soma, body] 1. A chromosome lacking an allele; see polysome. 2. A single ribosome bound to messenger RNA …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • monosome — (1) A single ribosome attached to a strand of mRNA. (2) A ribosome that has dissociated from a polysome. (3) Chromosome in an aneuploid set that does not have a homologue …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • monosome — /mon euh sohm /, n. Genetics. 1. a chromosome having no homologue, esp. an unpaired X chromosome. 2. a protein synthetic complex involving the translation of a messenger RNA molecule by a single ribosome. 3. a monosomic individual. [1920 25; MONO …   Universalium

  • monosome — n. (Genetics) sex chromosome without a homologue (matching partner) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • monosome — mono·some …   English syllables

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