monosodium glutamate

The monosodium salt of the naturally occurring l form of glutamic acid; used as a flavor enhancer that is a cause or contributing factor to “Chinese restaurant” syndrome; also used intravenously as an adjunct in treatment of encephalopathies associated with hepatic disease.

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mono·so·di·um glu·ta·mate .män-ə-.sōd-ē-əm-'glüt-ə-.māt n a crystalline salt C5H8NO4Na derived from glutamic acid that is used to enhance the flavor of food and medicinally to reduce ammonia levels in blood and tissues in ammoniacal azotemia (as in hepatic insufficiency) abbr. MSG called also sodium glutamate see CHINESE RESTAURANT SYNDROME

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mono·so·di·um glu·ta·mate (mon″o-soґde-əm glooґtə-māt) the monosodium salt of L-glutamic acid, used as a pharmaceutic necessity and also to enhance the flavor of foods. See also Chinese restaurant syndrome, under syndrome.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • monosodium glutamate — n. The monosodium salt of the natural amino acid L glutamine ({C5H8NNaO4}), used as a food additive to enhance flavor; abbreviated MSG. It is usually marketed as the monhydrate ({C5H8NNaO4.H2O}). It is commmonly used in Chinese American… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • monosodium glutamate — ► NOUN ▪ a compound made by the breakdown of vegetable protein and used as a flavour enhancer in food …   English terms dictionary

  • monosodium glutamate — [män΄ə sō′dē əm] n. a white crystalline powder, NaC5H8NO4, derived from vegetable protein and used in foods as a flavor intensifier …   English World dictionary

  • Monosodium glutamate — This article is about the chemical compound. For its use in food, see glutamic acid (flavor). For glutamic acid in general, see glutamic acid. Monosodium glutamate …   Wikipedia

  • monosodium glutamate — Chem. a white, crystalline, water soluble powder, C5H8NNaO4·H2O, used to intensify the flavor of foods. Also called MSG, sodium glutamate. Cf. glutamic acid. [1925 30] * * * ▪ chemical compound also called  monosodium L glutamate , or  sodium… …   Universalium

  • monosodium glutamate — [[t]mɒ̱nəsoʊdiəm glu͟ːtəmeɪt[/t]] N UNCOUNT Monosodium glutamate is a substance which is sometimes added to savoury food to make it taste better. The abbreviation MSG is also used …   English dictionary

  • monosodium glutamate — mon|o|sod|i|um glu|tam|ate [ˌmɔnəuˌsəudiəm ˈglu:təmeıt US ˌma:nəsou ] n [U] [Date: 1900 2000; Origin: glutamate from gluten] ↑MSG …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • monosodium glutamate — n. Chem. a sodium salt of glutamic acid used to flavour food (cf. GLUTAMATE) …   Useful english dictionary

  • monosodium glutamate — noun Date: 1929 a crystalline sodium salt C5H8NO4Na derived from glutamic acid and used to enhance the flavor of food abbreviation MSG …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • monosodium glutamate — noun The mono sodium salt of the amino acid, glutamic acid; present in soy sauce; used as a condiment in Chinese and Japanese cooking, and as a food additive to enhance flavor and add the umami taste. Abbreviations: MSG, E621 …   Wiktionary

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