* * *food poisoning n1) either of two acute gastrointestinal disorders caused by bacteria or their toxic products:a) a rapidly developing intoxication marked by nausea, vomiting, prostration, and often severe diarrhea and caused by the presence in food of toxic products produced by bacteria (as some staphylococci)b) a less rapidly developing infection esp. with salmonellas that has generally similar symptoms and that results from multiplication of bacteria ingested with contaminated food2) a gastrointestinal disturbance occurring after consumption of food that is contaminated with chemical residues (as from sprays) or food (as some fungi) that is inherently unsuitable for human consumption
* * *an illness affecting the digestive system that results from eating food that is contaminated either by bacteria or bacterial toxins or, less commonly, by residues of insecticides (on fruit and vegetables) or poisonous chemicals such as lead or mercury. It can also be caused by eating poisonous fungi, berries, etc. Symptoms commence 1-24 hours after ingestion and include vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and nausea. Food-borne infections are caused by bacteria of the genera Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Listeria in foods of animal origin. The disease is transmitted by human carriers who handle the food, by shellfish growing in sewage-polluted waters, or by vegetables fertilized by manure. Toxin-producing bacteria causing food poisoning include those of the genus Staphylococcus, which rapidly multiply in warm foods; pathogenic Escherichia; and the species Clostridium perfringens, which multiplies in reheated cooked meals. A rare form of food poisoning - botulism - is caused by toxins produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which may contaminate badly preserved canned foods. See also gastroenteritis.
* * *a group of illnesses varying in severity from mild and self-limited to life threatening, caused by ingestion of contaminated food or food that is inherently poisonous. Various microorganisms may cause it, the most common being pathogenic bacteria or their products (bacterial toxins), e.g., Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus, Campylobacter, Clostridium botulinum, C. perfringens, Escherichia coli, Vibrio cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus, Shigella species, Salmonella species, and Yersinia enterocolitica. Bacterial food poisoning is usually manifested as bacterial gastroenteritis (q.v.), but it may also be associated with such syndromes as botulism, typhoid fever, and cholera. Neurologic symptoms can also be caused by food poisoning as a result of ingestion of chemically toxic foods, such as certain mushrooms and berries, or ingestion or inhalation of substances such as heavy metals, mercury, or insecticides.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
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food poisoning — [n] poisoning caused by eating food botulism, ptomaine poisoning, salmonella; concept 537 … New thesaurus
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food poisoning — food ,poisoning noun uncount an illness affecting your stomach, caused by eating food that contains harmful bacteria … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
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food poisoning — an acute gastrointestinal condition characterized by such symptoms as headache, fever, chills, abdominal and muscular pain, nausea, diarrhea, and prostration, caused by foods that are naturally toxic, as poisonous mushrooms, by vegetable foods… … Universalium
food poisoning — noun illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food • Syn: ↑gastrointestinal disorder • Hypernyms: ↑illness, ↑unwellness, ↑malady, ↑sickness • Hyponyms: ↑botulism, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
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