Filoviridae

A family of viruses that cause hemorrhagic fever. Filoviviruses have single- stranded RNA as their genetic material. Ebola virus and the Marburg virus are both filoviruses.
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A family of filamentous, single-stranded, negative sense RNA viruses with an enveloped nucleocapsid. These viruses were formerly classified with the Rhabdoviridae and are associated with hemorrhagic fever. The natural reservoir of these viruses is unknown. See Ebola virus. [L. filum, thread, + virus]

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Fi·lo·vi·ri·dae .fī-lō-'vir-ə-.dē n pl a family of single-stranded RNA viruses that infect vertebrates, that have a pleomorphic usu. bacilliform or filamentous shape with a helical nucleocapsid and a lipoprotein envelope with glycoprotein projections, and that include the Ebola viruses and the Marburg virus

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Fi·lo·vi·ri·dae (fi″lo-virґĭ-de) Marburg and Ebola viruses: a family of RNA viruses having enveloped filamentous virions, sometimes branching or U- or 6-shaped, 80 nm in diameter and varying greatly in length, with large peplomers, surrounding a helical nucleocapsid. The genome consists of a single molecule of negative-sense single-stranded RNA (MW 4.2Ч106, size 19.1 kb). Viruses contain seven major polypeptides and are sensitive to heat, ultraviolet and gamma radiation, beta-propiolactone, and formalin. Replication occurs in the cytoplasm and assembly is by budding through the plasma membrane. There is a single genus, Filovirus.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Filoviridae — Lackie Family of single stranded RNA viruses, similar in some respect to rhabdoviruses. Marburg and Ebola viruses are the only two members of the family at present. Filovirus infections seem to cause intrinsic activation of the clotting cascade… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Filoviridae — noun a family of threadlike RNA viruses that cause diseases in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) • Hypernyms: ↑family • Member Meronyms: ↑Ebola virus, ↑Marburg virus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Filoviren — Filoviridae 3D Modell Filovirus Systematik Reich: Viren Baltimore K. (( )ssRNA Viren) (V) Ordnung: Mononegavirales Famili …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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