malpighian

Described by or attributed to Marcello Malpighi.

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Mal·pi·ghi·an mal-'pig-ē-ən, -'pē-gē- adj of, relating to, or discovered by Marcello Malpighi
Malpighi mäl-'pē-gē Marcello (1628-1694)
Italian anatomist. Malpighi is widely regarded as the founder of histology and one of the great microscopists. One of the first scientists to use the microscope to study tissues, he studied the fine anatomy of the human lung, brain, spinal cord, and secretory glands. In 1661 he made the major discovery of the capillary anastomoses between the arteries and the veins. This important link completed William Harvey's theory of the circulation of the blood. He described the deep layers of the epidermis in 1665. The following year he produced a classic treatise on the structure of the liver, cerebral cortex, kidney, and spleen. Several of the structural units of these organs now bear his name.

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mal·pigh·i·an (mahl-pigґe-ən) named for Marcello Malpighi, as malpighian stigma and malpighian tubule.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malpighian — Mal*pi ghi*an, a. (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or discovered by, Marcello Malpighi, an Italian anatomist of the 17th century. [1913 Webster] {Malpighian capsules} or {Malpighian corpuscles} (Anatomy), the globular dilatations, containing the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Malpighian — Malphigian is an attribute to several anatomical structures: Malpighian corpuscle, which in turn may refer to: Renal corpuscles the initial filtering component of nephrons in the kidneys splenic lymphoid nodules, or White nodules follicles in the …   Wikipedia

  • Malpighian —    Marcello Malpighi (1628 1694), an Italian physician, anatomist, and physiologist, was a great scientist who is not well known outside the field of medicine. Born at Crevalore, near Bologna, the eldest of eight children, he was orphaned at… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Malpighian — adjective see Malpighi …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Malpighian — adj. pertaining to or discovered by Marcello Malpighi …   English contemporary dictionary

  • malpighian — mal·pigh·i·an …   English syllables

  • malpighian — (ˈ)mal|pigēən adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Marcello Malpighi died 1694 + English an : of, relating to, or discovered by Marcello Malpighi …   Useful english dictionary

  • Malpighian capsules — Malpighian Mal*pi ghi*an, a. (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or discovered by, Marcello Malpighi, an Italian anatomist of the 17th century. [1913 Webster] {Malpighian capsules} or {Malpighian corpuscles} (Anatomy), the globular dilatations, containing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • malpighian corpuscle — n. (Anatomy), See malpighian body. Syn: malpighian body, Malpighian capsule. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Malpighian corpuscles — Malpighian Mal*pi ghi*an, a. (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or discovered by, Marcello Malpighi, an Italian anatomist of the 17th century. [1913 Webster] {Malpighian capsules} or {Malpighian corpuscles} (Anatomy), the globular dilatations, containing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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