laparoscopy

Examination of the contents of the abdominopelvic cavity with a laparoscope passed through the abdominal wall. SEE ALSO: peritoneoscopy. SYN: abdominoscopy.L. first became clinically practicable with the development of fiberoptics in the 1960s and of high-intensity, low-heat halogen bulbs in the 1970s. The technique has become standard, in selected cases, for many routine surgical procedures formerly requiring laparotomy, such as appendectomy, cholecystectomy, inguinal herniorrhaphy, oophorectomy, a second look after excision of an ovarian tumor, and diagnostic evaluation of endometriosis and female infertility. The peritoneal cavity is first inflated with CO2 gas, and the laparoscope passed through a small incision in the abdominal wall. A second incision is usually required to provide surgical access to the area of interest. An elaborate armamentarium of surgical instruments has been developed to perform incision, drainage, excision, cautery, ligation, suturing, and other procedures with the laparoscope. The risk of intraoperative and postoperative complications, the cost of treatment, and hospitalization time are generally less with laparoscopic surgery than with traditional open procedures.
- closed l. l. performed after insufflation of the abdominal cavity using a percutaneously placed needle.
- open l. l. performed after insufflation of the abdomen using a trocar placed under direct vision after making a small celiotomy incision.

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lap·a·ros·co·py .lap-ə-'räs-kə-pē n, pl -pies
1) visual examination of the inside of the abdomen by means of a laparoscope called also peritoneoscopy
2) an operation (as tubal ligation or gallbladder removal) involving laparoscopy
lap·a·ro·scop·ic -rə-'skäp-ik adj
lap·a·ro·scop·i·cal·ly -i-k(ə-)lē adv

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n.
examination of the abdominal structures (which are contained within the peritoneum) by means of an illuminated tubular instrument (laparoscope). This is passed through a small incision in the wall of the abdomen after injecting carbon dioxide into the abdominal cavity (pneumoperitoneum). In addition to being a diagnostic aid, it is used when taking a biopsy, aspirating cysts, and dividing adhesions. Surgery, including cholecystectomy, fundoplication, colectomy, hemicolectomy, and the occlusion of Fallopian tubes for sterilization, can also be performed through a laparoscope, using either a laser or diathermy to control bleeding (see also minimally invasive surgery). The laparoscope is also used for collecting ova for in vitro fertilization and in performing certain gynaecological operations using a laser (laser laparoscopy).
laparoscopic adj.

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lap·a·ros·co·py (lap″ə-rosґkə-pe) [laparo- + -scopy] examination of the interior of the abdomen by means of a laparoscope. Called also abdominoscopy, celioscopy, and peritoneoscopy.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • laparoscopy — n. Laparotomy performed with a laparoscope. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • laparoscopy — 1855, from SCOPY (Cf. scopy) + Gk. lapara flank, from laparos soft, from PIE *lep to peel. Related: Laparoscopic; laparoscope …   Etymology dictionary

  • laparoscopy — /lap euh ros keuh pee/, n., pl. laparoscopies. Surg. examination of the abdominal cavity or performance of minor abdominal surgery using a laparoscope. [1850 55; LAPARO + SCOPY] * * * or peritoneoscopy Procedure for inspecting the abdominal… …   Universalium

  • laparoscopy — UK [ˌlæpəˈrɒskəpɪ] / US [ˌlæpəˈrɑskəpɪ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms laparoscopy : singular laparoscopy plural laparoscopies medical a medical operation in which a narrow tube called a laparoscope is put into a part of the body in… …   English dictionary

  • laparoscopy — noun (plural pies) Date: 1916 1. visual examination of the abdomen by means of a laparoscope 2. an operation (as tubal ligation or gall bladder removal) involving laparoscopy • laparoscopic adjective • laparoscopist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • laparoscopy — peritoneoscopy; n. examination of the abdominal structures (which are contained within the peritoneum) by means of a (laparoscope). This is passed through a small incision in the wall of the abdomen after injecting carbon dioxide into the… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • laparoscopy — noun /lapəˈɹɒskəpi/ Examination of the loins or abdomen, now specifically examination or surgery on the peritoneal cavity using a laparoscope. Syn: laparoscopic surgery …   Wiktionary

  • laparoscopy — lap|a|ros|co|py [ ,læpə raskəpi ] noun count or uncount MEDICAL a medical operation in which a narrow tube called a laparoscope is put into a part of the body in order to operate on it or examine it …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • laparoscopy — n. examination of the abdominal cavity by means of a laparoscope (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • laparoscopy — [ˌlapə rɒskəpi] noun (plural laparoscopies) a surgical procedure in which a fibre optic instrument is inserted through the abdominal wall to view the organs in the abdomen or permit small scale surgery. Derivatives laparoscope noun laparoscopic… …   English new terms dictionary

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