A genus of plants of the family Euphorbiaceae; a poisonous plant found in eastern Africa and the West Indies. [G. iatros, physician, + trophe, nourishment]
- J. curcas barbados nut or physic-nut, the seed of which furnishes a purgative oil similar to croton oil. SYN: J. glandulifera.
- J. glandulifera SYN: J. curcas.
- J. urens a species of South America; the macerated fresh leaves are used as a rubefacient and stimulating poultice; the seeds furnish a purgative oil.

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Jat·ro·pha 'ja-trə-fə n a widely distributed mainly tropical American genus of herbs, shrubs, and trees (family Euphorbiaceae) which usu. have lobed leaves and inconspicuous flowers and of which a number including the physic nut (J. curcas) yield oils of medicinal value

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Jat·ro·pha (jatґro-fə) [Gr. iatros physician + trophē nourishment] a genus of plants of the family Euphorbiaceae, commonly found from Mexico to South America; various species have cathartic, stomachic, febrifuge, and astringent properties. J. curґcas L. and J. multiґfida L. (both called physic nut or purging nut) have seeds containing a cathartic oil and a phytotoxin; when consumed by ruminants they cause diarrhea and damage to various internal organs.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jatropha — integerrima Systematik Eurosiden I Ordnung: Malpighienartige (Malpighiales) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jatropha — Jatropha …   Wikipédia en Français

  • jatropha — ● jatropha nom masculin Nom générique d euphorbiacées, herbacées ou arbustives, d Amérique tropicale, aux fleurs le plus souvent unisexuées. (Le fruit est une capsule à trois coques.Jatropha curcas, encore appelé médicinier ou ricin d Amérique,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jatrŏpha — (spr. J atropha, I. L.), Pflanzengatt. aus der Familie der Euphorbiaceae Crotoneae, Monocle, Monadelphie L.; Arten: I. Curcas s. Curcas Adans. u. I. multifida (Adenorhopium multifidum), südamerikanische, in allen Theisen giftige Bäume, deren… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jātropha — J. Hüll. (Brechnuß, Purgiernuß, Drüsenstrauch), Gattung der Euphorbiazeen, Bäume, Sträucher oder Kräuter mit abwechselnden, gestielten, ganzen oder fingerförmig gelappten oder geteilten Blättern, monözischen Blüten in meist trugdoldig rispigen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jatropha — Jatrŏpha L., Pflanzengattg. der Euphorbiazeen. J. curcas L. oder Curcas purgans Endl., in trop. Ländern kultiviert, liefert das Purgier oder Brechnüsse, deren Samen purgierend und brechenerregend wirken; das Öl dient zum Schmieren, Brennen etc. J …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jatropha — podagrica …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jatropha — Taxobox name = Jatropha image width = 250px image caption = Spicy jatropha ( Jatropha integerrima ) regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Malpighiales familia = Euphorbiaceae subfamilia = Crotonoideae tribus =… …   Wikipedia

  • Jatropha —   Jatropha Jatropha …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jatropha — noun a mainly tropical genus of American plant belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae • Syn: ↑genus Jatropha • Hypernyms: ↑rosid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Euphorbiaceae, ↑family Euphorbiaceae, ↑spurge family …   Useful english dictionary

  • jatropha — ▪ plant  (genus Jatropha), member of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae), native in both New World and Old World tropics and containing about 175 species of milky juiced herbs, shrubs, and trees, some useful for their oils or as ornamental plants… …   Universalium

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