isoprenoids

Polymers whose carbon skeletons consist in whole or in large part of isoprene units joined end to end; e.g., carotene, lycopene, vitamin A. Vitamins K and E and the coenzymes Q have isoprenoid side chains.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • isoprenoid — /uy seuh pree noyd/, adj. Chem. pertaining to, derived from, or similar to isoprene. [1955 60; ISOPRENE + OID] * * * or terpene Class of organic compounds made up of two or more structural units derived from isoprene. Isoprene is a five carbon… …   Universalium

  • Metabolism — Cell metabolism redirects here. For the journal, see Cell Metabolism. Structure of adenosine triphosphate, a central intermediate in energy metabolism Metabolism (from Greek: μεταβολή metabolē , change or Greek: μεταβολισμός metabolismos,… …   Wikipedia

  • HMG-CoA reductase — protein Name = 3 hydroxy 3 methylglutaryl Coenzyme A reductase caption = HMG CoA reductase width = 200 HGNCid = 5006 Symbol = HMGCR AltSymbols = EntrezGene = 3156 OMIM = 142910 RefSeq = NM 000859 UniProt = P04035 PDB = ECnumber = 1.1.1.88… …   Wikipedia

  • Lipid — Structures of some common lipids. At the top are oleic acid[1] and cholesterol.[2] The middle structure is a triglyceride composed of oleoyl, stearoyl, and palmitoyl chains at …   Wikipedia

  • Prenylation — or isoprenylation or lipidation is the addition of hydrophobic molecules to a protein. It is usually assumed that prenyl groups facilitate attachment to cell membranes, similar to lipid anchor like the GPI anchor, though direct evidence is… …   Wikipedia

  • lipid — /lip id, luy pid/, n. Biochem. any of a group of organic compounds that are greasy to the touch, insoluble in water, and soluble in alcohol and ether: lipids comprise the fats and other esters with analogous properties and constitute, with… …   Universalium

  • Non-mevalonate pathway — The non mevalonate pathway or 2 C methyl D erythritol 4 phosphate/1 deoxy D xylulose 5 phosphate pathway (MEP/DOXP pathway) of isoprenoid biosynthesis is an alternative metabolic pathway leading to the formation of isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) …   Wikipedia

  • Methods in Enzymology — est une série d ouvrages éditée depuis le milieu des années 1950 par les éditions Academic Press / Elsevier. Cette colossale collection représente la plus importante somme de connaissance dans le domaine de l enzymologie, à l échelle mondiale.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Methods in enzymology (collection d'ouvrages) — Methods in Enzymology Methods in enzymology est une série d ouvrages éditée depuis le milieu des années 1950 par les éditions Academic Press / Elsevier. Cette colossale collection représente la plus importante somme de connaissance dans le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vitamin K — has also been used as a slang term for ketamine, an unrelated anaesthetic. Vitamin K1 (phylloquinone). Both forms of the vitamin contain a functional naphthoquinone ring and an aliphatic side chain. Phylloquinone has a phytyl side chain …   Wikipedia

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