Iodinated derivatives of thyronine.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • thyronine — An amino acid with a diphenyl ether group in the side chain; occurs in proteins only in the form of iodinated derivatives (iodothyronines), such as thyroxine. * * * thy·ro·nine thī rə .nēn, nən n a phenolic amino acid C15 …   Medical dictionary

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  • Iodine — An essential element in the diet used by the thyroid gland to make thyroid hormones. The two most important thyroid hormones are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Thyroxine (T4) has four iodine molecules attached to its structure, while… …   Medical dictionary

  • goiter — A chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland, not due to a neoplasm, occurring endemically in certain localities, especially regions where glaciation occurred and the soil is low in iodine, and sporadically elsewhere. SYN: struma (1). [Fr. from L.… …   Medical dictionary

  • HORMONES — Chez les animaux pluricellulaires, la coordination des fonctions exercées par les différents organes repose sur des systèmes de communication qui opèrent au sein de l’organisme pour maintenir l’équilibre fonctionnel indispensable à la vie [cf.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • THYROÏDE — La glande thyroïde, la plus volumineuse des glandes à sécrétion interne [cf. ENDOCRINOLOGIE], dérive d’une ébauche endodermique située à la partie antérieure du plancher pharyngien, au niveau de la base de la langue. Au cours de sa migration vers …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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